Forestry and peatlands

Cultivated peat soils lead to land subsidence and emit greenhouse gases. How can we avoid this?

Peat soils are responsible for a significant portion of the anthropogenic CO2 and N2O emissions. Besides, drained organic soils subside due to compaction, shrinkage, erosion and oxidation.

What drives future changes in the world’s forest carbon?

Climate change stimulates global forest carbon due to the fertilization effect of CO2. Not necessarily due to global warming itself: that has negative effects, such as more wildfires and droughts.

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More than carbon storage - The role of forests in climate change

Their impacts on water supplies and climate cooling are the principal contribution of trees to climate change mitigation and adaptation, scientists state. Carbon storage is ‘just’ a co-benefit.

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Warmer winters increase forest damage by snow loads in coldest parts of Europe

In the coldest parts of Europe snow-induced forest damage may increase when winters get warmer. This is due to changing characteristics of the snow load on tree crowns.

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More woods in the Netherlands to tackle global warming

A plan put forward by several Dutch organisations and companies is to afforest 100,000 acres of land in the Netherlands in the next 30 years. The purpose of this plan: more trees capture more carbon.

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Organic matter losses in German Alps forest soils since the 1970s most likely caused by warming

The past three decades, soil organic carbon stocks in German Alps forests have decreased. This is likely due to accelerated microbial organic carbon decomposition with increasing soil temperature.

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How to manage a forest under climate and global change

Presented by Victor Blanco (University of Edinburgh, UK) at the Adaptation Futures Conference in Rotterdam, The Netherlands, May 2016

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Blanket peat erosion across Great Britain under climate change

Blanket peat erosion not only results from human action, climate also affects the stability of the peat and associated erosion.

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Harvesting: opportunities to adapt Romanian forests to climate change

A study for Romanian forests showed that harvesting (shorter rotations and more intense thinnings) can be seen as a chance to undergo active adaptation with respect to species composition

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Forest management cannot keep pace with climate change impact on European forest

The results of a European-wide study show that forest management cannot keep pace with the projected change in species suitability under climate change.

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Managing cork oak production under climate change in Portugal

If current management of oak forests is maintained, climate change may result in 20% decrease in cork production in 2100. Adapted management strategies include reducing debarking intensity

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Timber production and forest protection against avalanches, rock fall and landslides in Austria under climate change

The impact of climate change between now and 2100 on timber production and protection against landslides and avalanche release, has been evaluated for the Province of Vorarlberg in Austria

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Norway spruce adapt to climate change in European Alps

For Norway spruce in the Northern Limestone Alps (Germany and Austria), neither growth suppression at the lower elevation sites nor growth increase at higher elevation sites was observed

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Climate change impact on European beech forest

Net primary productivity of beech decreases by 30% in 2071− 2100 compared with 1961−1990 due to higher mortality rates, lower water availability and higher drought stress.

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Projected loss of active blanket bogs in Ireland

Climate change could have major implications for the lowland blanket bog distribution along especially the western Atlantic seaboard where the projected losses are greatest.

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Climate change impact on peatlands in France

The hydrology of the peat layer and extent of this peat area are impacted by drainage for agriculture, groundwater abstractions in underlying aquifers and climate change.

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Norway spruce forests in Finland under climate change

During 2000–2030, the primary production and net carbon sequestration of Norway spruce are estimated to increase in southern Finland ...

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