Transport, infrastructure and building

More often, flights will be bumpy due to turbulence increase under climate 

Clear-air turbulence accounts for 24% of weather-related accidents. The volume of this turbulence may double in 50 years over North America, the North Pacific, and Europe under climate change.

Ground settlement due to melting permafrost will affect a large part of the Northern Hemisphere

Under 2°C global warming the permafrost extent of the Northern Hemisphere will decrease by about 25%. Ground will settle owing to permafrost thaw, 4-15 cm on average, but up to several metres locally.

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How to protect office-workers from future heat stress?

In an urban office building without active cooling, the number of lost working hours may quadruple between now and 2100. Effective adaptation measures may reduce this up to 90%.

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Europe’s infrastructure more often damaged by heavy precipitation

Heavy precipitation events are likely to become more frequent and intense, and will affect wider areas. Damage to Europe’s infrastructure will occur more often.

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Extreme weather impacts on critical infrastructure

A conference on the impact of extreme weather on critical infrastructure was organized at Deltares (the Netherlands) on March 23 2017. Final results were presented of the European INTACT project.

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It pays off to adapt road and rail transport to climate change. Austria as an example

Weather-induced costs to road and rail transport will increase. The indirect costs to the economy are larger than these direct costs, however. Because of this, it pays off to adapt.

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Trucks, could they cease to be an environmental concern?

Pollutant emissions spew from all corners of the planet and transport within the commercial and industrial sector especially bears no small degree of guilt.

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Arctic sea ice decline reduces sailing time from Europe to Asia by almost half

One of the benefits of climate change is the use of Arctic sea for trans-Arctic shipping routes. Less ice in summer creates a shortcut between Pacific and Atlantic ports.

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How to anticipate climate change in large infrastructure projects - Examples from Swedish reservoirs

Presented by Gunn Persson (Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute SMHI) at the 4th Nordic Conference on Climate Change Adaptation in Bergen, Norway, August 2016.

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The potential of green and blue infrastructure to reduce urban heat load in the city of Vienna

Numerous concepts have been developed to mitigate the heat load in urban areas, such as customizing urban vegetation for shading and evaporative cooling, introducing open water

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How cities can beat the heat

What measures may be effective in reducing the urban heat island effect and cool down cities during heat waves? A comparison of recent insights from scientific studies

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Wave-driven harbour agitation due to climate change in Catalan ports

Changes in coastal wave patterns due to the effect of climate
change can affect harbour agitation (oscillations within the
 port due to wind waves).

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Adapting rail and road networks to weather extremes: case studies for southern Germany and Austria

In the past decade, winter consequences and flood events accounted for 96% of the total rail and road networks costs in the Alps, 92% in mid-Europe and 91% across EUR29.

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Costs estimates of weather extremes on transport now and in 40 years

Railways are the losers of climate change thanks to their expensive—and therefore vulnerable—infrastructure and their complex vehicle routing system and high safety standards.

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Extreme weather and climate change impacts on inland waterway transport

On the Rhine–Main–Danube corridor no decrease in the performance of inland waterway transport due to extreme weather events is expected till 2050.

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Extreme weather challenging European transport systems

Better technologies and higher safety standards will influence the accident rate more than the expected weather changes

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Bulk cargo companies vulnerabilities at low water on the Rhine

The vulnerability of bulk cargo companies along the River Rhine to low water periods has been studied for the near and distant future.

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Climate change adaptation for seaports

The Port of Rotterdam (Netherlands) is an example of a seaport that has already taken steps toward adaptation. This port joined forces with

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Impacts on UK railway network

Possible temperature-related climate change impacts on the main line railway network of Great Britain have been assessed. Regional climate model projections for the future period 2030–2059

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Consequences for inland waterway transport in Europe

At extremely low water levels, the price per tonne for inland waterway transport in the river Rhine area will almost double. These increased transport prices result in welfare losses.

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