Latest update: 19 September 2017
Coastal erosion and coastal floods »

Just a few cm of sea-level rise may double the frequency of coastal flooding

Only 5-10 cm of sea-level rise may more than double the frequency of coastal flooding in the Tropics as early as 2030. Some of the largest cities in the world may face a dire future.

Climate change »

At least one-third of Asian glaciers will disappear

Even if the planet only warms up by 1.5 °C, the target of the Paris agreement, one-third of all Asian glaciers will have melted by 2100, according to research carried out by Dutch scientists.

Biodiversity »

Plants start to flower much earlier in spring thanks to global warming

Plants respond to global warming by advancing their onset of flowering in spring. This advancement is faster in the north of Europe and in the mountains than in the south.

Insurance and business »

Global warming will increase cost of avoiding heat-related illness outdoor workers

Heat-related illness and the economic cost of avoiding it is a serious issue that should be kept in mind when discussing the benefits and economic cost of climate change mitigation.

Coastal erosion and coastal floods »

Current once-in-a-hundred-years flood levels along US coastline may occur every few years by 2050

Along the US east coast sea level rise may lead to strong amplification of high frequency flood events. Along the west coast, on the other hand, amplification is strongest for lower frequency flooding

Droughts and desertification »

Drought risk increases substantially in large parts of the world, even if we do reach the goals of the Paris agreement

Even under the 1.5°C and 2°C warming targets of the Paris agreement, drought risk increases significantly in the Mediterranean, central Europe, the Amazon, and southern Africa.

Previously in ClimateChangePost


In Spain and Portugal the number of heat waves, their duration and intensity will increase in the course of this century. At the same time, less cold spells will occur, and they will become less cold.

In a warmer world, hydrological impacts of climate change are more intense. Heavy rainfall and highest river flows further increase, lowest flows decrease. In addition, these changes affect wider area

The rate of global mean sea level rise has increased over the last two decades, mainly due to increased land ice loss from Greenland. Over the period 2004-2015 sea level rose about 3.5 mm per year.

The ice regime of Russia’s rivers changes in a complicated way. In the short term the hazard of ice jamming becomes less predictable. In the long term the risk of ice jam floods will decrease.

Heavy precipitation events are likely to become more frequent and intense, and will affect wider areas. Damage to Europe’s infrastructure will occur more often.

The number of deaths as a result of weather-related disasters is expected to increase by roughly 50 times between now and 2100, if we do not take appropriate measures. Heat waves are the most lethal.

Countries most vulnerable to the effects of climate change on marine fisheries are primarily small island states in the Pacific Ocean and Caribbean, and countries along the Western and Eastern coasts

The general future trend for Europe is an increase of mean precipitation in northern Europe, and a decrease in the south. But what about Central Europe, the transition zone?

Current record maximum summer temperature in France is about 42°C. Under a high-end scenario of climate change record maximum value could easily exceed 50 °C by the end of this century.

Climate change stimulates global forest carbon due to the fertilization effect of CO2. Not necessarily due to global warming itself: that has negative effects, such as more wildfires and droughts.

There is no statistical evidence for a ‘slowdown period’ with a significantly reduced rate of warming in the period 1998-2014 or an acceleration of global warming in recent years.

A large number of automatic weather stations of the Trans-African Hydro-Meteorological Observatory will be rolled out over Southern Africa. The first one was opened in Johannesburg on 14 July 2017.

Future extreme sea levels along Europe’s coasts are mainly driven by relative sea level rise. Averaged over Europe, changes in tides, storm surges and wave set up contribute less than 20%.

Presented by Fiona MacLeod (The City of Edinburgh Council) at the European Climate Change Adaptation Conference in Glasgow in June 2017.

Presented by UK urban flood risk specialists at the European Climate Change Adaptation Conference in Glasgow in June 2017.

Based on contributions at ECCA 2017 by Alistair Rennie (Scottish Natural Heritage), Jim Hansom and James Fitton (University of Glasgow), and input from Mairi Davis (Historic Environment Scotland).

Presented by Marjolijn Haasnoot of the Netherlands’ research institute Deltares and Delft University of Technology at the European Climate Change Adaptation Conference in Glasgow in June 2017.

Presented by Francisca Aguiar of the University of Lisbon at the European Climate Change Adaptation Conference in Glasgow in June 2017.

Presented by Maria Falaleeva of Ekapraekt / Green Network at the European Climate Change Adaptation Conference in Glasgow in June 2017.

Presented by Richard Taylor of the Stockholm Environment Institute at the European Climate Change Adaptation Conference in Glasgow in June 2017.


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