Health

Heat waves and their effect on human mortality in Europe

On average 28,000 people die every year in 27 European countries due to heat waves. 0.61% of all mortality in the examined 27 countries is excess mortality caused by heat waves.

50 times more weather-related deaths in 2100, unless we take action

The number of deaths as a result of weather-related disasters is expected to increase by roughly 50 times between now and 2100, if we do not take appropriate measures. Heat waves are the most lethal.

Read more »

Cities are vulnerable hotspots of climate change - Longread

The impact of climate change will be felt especially in the cities during hot summers, due to the urban heat island effect. Several measures can be taken though to ‘beat the heat’.

Read more »

Vulnerability European cities to extreme events is increasing

Already in the next decades highly populated urban areas in Central Europe will experience significantly more hot days, tropical nights, and extreme precipitation events.

Read more »

Amsterdam is hot, in many ways

On a hot day, the city of Amsterdam in the Netherlands can be up to 5 °C warmer than the surrounding rural areas. Both climate change and urbanization will increase this urban heat island effect.

Read more »

Hottest summers of the past will be the ‘new normal’ within 20 years

Very hot summers will become the ‘new normal’ much faster than most people expect. A recent study describes a grim picture for the world’s population regarding high summer temperatures.

Read more »

More precipitation may increase pollution of inland and coastal waters

Pollution of inland streams, rivers and coastal waters may change. More intense precipitation in the future may lead to more pollutants being transported to water bodies.

Read more »

Little impact climate change on water-borne diseases

Green water under a blue sky. Water in the canals of Delft (the Netherlands) turned green this summer, due to warm water and high nutrients input.

Read more »

Worldwide, heat stress is increasing

Heat stress has increased since 1973 over many land regions. A further increase of heat stress during this century is projected.

Read more »

Malaria will not spread across Europe under climate change

The changing climate may turn large parts of Europe into a suitable home for malarial mosquitoes. But a large-scale malaria epidemic is highly unlikely. The health infrastructure is too good for that.

Read more »

More tick-borne diseases, but not necessarily due to climate change - Longread

Disease-transmitting ticks are expanding over Europe, consistent with observed warming trends. There is no evidence, however, of any associated changes in the distribution of tick-borne diseases.

Read more »

Longread - Dying from cold in a warmer world

More heat-related deaths in summer may not balance less cold-related deaths in winter. In fact, higher winter temperature volatility and an ageing population may increase the number of winter deaths.

Read more »

Longread - Heat waves: the number one natural hazard

The increase in intensity of heat waves in combination with high tropospheric ozone concentrations represents the greatest direct risk that climate change poses to people’s health in Europe.

Read more »

Ozone and fine particulate matter: major killers

50% of the deaths as a result of the European summer heat wave of 2003 may be associated with ozone exposure rather than the heat itself, research has shown.

Read more »

Climate change caused 70% of heat-related casualties in Paris during hot summer of 2003

As a result of the extreme hot summer of 2003, 44,000 people died in Western Europe. How rare was this extreme event, and what is the effect of climate change?

Read more »

First human influence on heat extremes several decades ago

The effect of climate change on extreme events extends back several decades. An example is the record- breaking hot summer of 1997/1998 in Australia.

Read more »

Can we relate climate change to specific extreme events?

A new field of science called “extreme event attribution” allows for answering the question: did climate change play a role in
this specific extreme event?

Read more »

Climate change impact on Europe’s air quality is hard to quantify

Air pollution is a serious health concern in many parts of the world. Projections of air quality changes over Europe under climate change are highly uncertain, however.

Read more »

There are things we cannot fix! The reality of health impacts of climate change.

Presented by Kristie Ebi (University of Washington, USA) and Hilary Bambrick (Western Sydney University, Australia) at the Adaptation Futures Conference in Rotterdam, The Netherlands, May 2016

Read more »

Hotter summers versus warmer winters: health implications of global warming

An interesting ‘trade-off’ is the effect of global warming on the number of heat-related and cold-related deaths. What will be the net effect of hotter summers and warmer winters?

Read more »

Hours of heat stress will double for the Dutch between now and 2050

Thermal discomfort will substantially increase in The Netherlands. This was concluded from an analysis of 4 climate change scenarios for 2050 compared to 1976 - 2005.

Read more »

Effects of climate change and seed dispersal on ragweed pollen loads in Europe

Allergenic diseases caused by pollen may appear earlier in the year and may also increase. An example of the latter is the invasion of common ragweed (a native in North America) into Europe since the

Read more »

Increased risk of heat stress to human health in Romania since the mid-1980s

Both an index for winter wind chill and an index for summer thermal stress showed a significant upward trend over the entire country for the period 1962−2010

Read more »

Mitigating urban heat island effects in cities

For Canadian cities, four major categories of mitigation strategies and measures have been identified: Greening measures: all measures that can increase

Read more »

Climate change and foodborne transmission of parasites

The impact of climate change on foodborne parasites is complicated and provides no easy answers.

Read more »

Dramatically increasing chance of extremely hot summers since the 2003 European heat wave

According to a recent study, the chance of extremely hot summers would have increased dramatically since the 2003 European heat wave.

Read more »

Evolution of heat wave occurrence over the Paris basin (France) in the 21st century

For the period 1960−1989 on average one heat wave in 10 years was calculated, for 2020−2049 1 heat wave every 2 years was projected, rising to at least

Read more »

More frequent heat waves in South-East Europe since the 1960s

The summer of 2012 was very hot and dry in South-East Europe. From model simulations and observations it was concluded that the magnitude and frequency of heat waves have increased

Read more »

Vulnerability to the mortality effects of warm temperature varies across England and Wales

The effects of warm temperature on mortality from cardiorespiratory causes may not be the same from one part of the country to another. This was concluded from a study where

Read more »

Climate warming will not decrease winter mortality

Absolute number of excess winter deaths may increase in the coming decades due to an increase in future winter temperature volatility and because of a growing and ageing population

Read more »

Mortality from extreme temperatures under climate change in Stockholm

The number of deaths due to cold and hot extreme temperatures attributable to climate change was estimated for Stockholm

Read more »

Urban heat island effect European cities

The urban heat island effect has been quantified for all cities in 38 European countries. It was shown that this effect varies over the seasons.

Read more »

Global air pollution-related premature mortality

21st century climate change increases global all-cause premature mortalities associated with PM2.5 by approximately 100,000 deaths and respiratory disease mortality

Read more »

Heat-related mortality in Moldova: the summer of 2007

2007 was one of the warmest in the history of instrumental observations in Greece, Romania and Moldova. The enumerated heat events caused 146 excess deaths in Chisinau, the capital of Moldova

Read more »
x