Agriculture and horticulture

Technology may counterbalance negative impacts of climate change on cereal yields in Western Europe

Climate change will negatively affect cereal yields in Western Europe, a study for France has shown. Still, yields are projected to increase, thank to technological improvements in agriculture.

Climate adaptation in the EU’s Eastern Neighbourhood: New champions for new challenges?

Presented by Maria Falaleeva of Ekapraekt / Green Network at the European Climate Change Adaptation Conference in Glasgow in June 2017.

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Adaptation could turn climate change into an opportunity for European rice growers

Climate change may reduce potential rice yields in the Mediterranean. Adaptation strategies could overturn the situation, however, turning climate change into an opportunity for European rice growers.

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Shifting fruit growing conditions call for adaptation in southern Europe

Shifts in thermal growing conditions may represent a major challenge to the Portuguese fruit sector. Conditions will improve in some areas and deteriorate in others.

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Climate impacts on European agriculture are not necessarily negative

Climate impacts in Europe are not necessarily all negative. They could be beneficial for many crops and areas of production.

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Farmers in Eastern Europe will suffer more from climate change than their colleagues in the West

There is no such thing as a European response to climate change. Regions with the same increase in temperature and precipitation will have different impacts of climate change.

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Northern Europe’s agriculture will benefit from longer and warmer growing season, southern countries will suffer

The prolongation and intensification of the thermal growing season offers several benefits for northern European forestry and agriculture. In southern Europe, negative impacts dominate.

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Droughts increasingly affect main crop yields in the Republic of Moldova

Droughts are a major problem for the Republic of Moldova: since the 1980s, droughts increased in intensity and persistence.

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Global warming will reduce global yields of maize and soybean

Maize and soybean are among the most important food crops worldwide. Global warming reduces growing season length and yields for both crops.

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How can irrigated agriculture adapt to climate change?

The semiarid Guadiana Basin in the southwestern central plateau of Spain (mostly within the Extremadura region) is expected to be one of the basins most negatively affected

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Climate change impacts on Swiss maize yields unclear

The estimated impacts of climate change on maize yields are subject to large uncertainties. This was shown for a case study in Switzerland.

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Earlier flowering winter cereals in Spain due to higher temperatures

Temperature and rainfall intensity increase has advanced flowering for a number of winter cereals in Spain.

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Extreme rainfall intensity and erosivity increases in the Mediterranean region

Climate-change driven increase in rainfall erosivity could have strong adverse effects for the Mediterranean, such as an exacerbated soil degradation

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Little effect climate change on maize and winter wheat in Switzerland so far

Climate suitability for grain maize and winter wheat has remained fairly stable in Switzerland over the last decades with only weak trends

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Adaptation potential of European agriculture in response to climate change

The adaptation potential of European agriculture in response to climate change has been assessed for a number of crops. It was shown that adaptation potential is high for maize

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Threat to future global food security from climate change and ozone air pollution

Global demand for food is expected to increase by at least 50% from 2010 to 2050 mainly as a result of population growth and a shift towards a more `westernized' diet

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More frequent adverse weather conditions for European wheat production

With 25% of the global wheat area and 29% of global wheat production, Europe is the largest producer of wheat. The increased occurrence and magnitude of adverse and extreme agroclimatic events

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Crop yield under climate change and adaptation

Global yield impacts of climate change and adaptation have been evaluated by analysing a data set of more than 1,700 published simulations for three crops: wheat, rice and maize.

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Agricultural land use suitability in Hungary

In 2010, Hungary became one of the top 5 exporters of maize in the world. Under current conditions, crop systems are mainly rain fed, and water licences are massively underexploited.

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Climate change impacts on agriculture in Northern Norway and potential strategies for adaptation

A longer growing season with higher mean temperatures will enable farmers to increase the number of harvests and, due to the higher growth potential at higher temperature, the total yield per area.

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Agricultural risk management policies under climate uncertainty

Risk management instruments in agriculture, such as crop insurance and disaster assistance programme, and especially how they are designed, will affect incentives to adapt.

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Irrigation water demand under climate change

For Europe, by the end of the century, irrigation water demand is projected to decrease for Eastern Europe under scenarios for moderate climate change.

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Climatic impacts on winter wheat yields in France and Russia

The impact of climate change in recent decades on winter wheat yields has been studied for two wheat producing regions that are critical for the global market.

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Poleward shifts crop pests and pathogens

The average poleward shift in recorded incidences of crop pests and pathogens since 1960 is 2.2 ± 0.8 km/year for the Northern Hemisphere and 1.7 ± 1.7 km/year for the Southern Hemisphere.

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Vulnerability hotspots for wheat and maize

There are perhaps five wheat and three maize growing regions likely to be both exposed to worse droughts and a reduced capacity to adapt.

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