Previously in ClimateChangePost
The thawing of the permafrost in the Arctic is causing damage to the infrastructure and buildings of the Arctic states. Russia is expected to have the highest burden of costs.
Northern Europe is warming much faster than the global mean. By mid-century, summers will last about a month longer here, and winters will become one to two months shorter, model projections show.
The consequences for Europe of doing nothing to the increase of extreme sea levels are hundreds of billions of Euros damage per year by 2100. Extra cost-effective protection reduces this risk by 95%.
A country’s national security may be negatively affected by climate change. This impact was expressed quantitatively. It turns out that climate security is highest in Europe, with Finland as number 1.
A new strategy is urgently needed for boreal forests focused on the replacement of needle-leaved tree species by broad-leaved species. This would reduce fire risk and cool the boreal zone.
Peat soils are responsible for a significant portion of the anthropogenic CO2 and N2O emissions. Besides, drained organic soils subside due to compaction, shrinkage, erosion and oxidation.
Under 2°C global warming the permafrost extent of the Northern Hemisphere will decrease by about 25%. Ground will settle owing to permafrost thaw, 4-15 cm on average, but up to several metres locally.
In the coldest parts of Europe snow-induced forest damage may increase when winters get warmer. This is due to changing characteristics of the snow load on tree crowns.
Presented by Richard Klein (Stockholm Environment Institute) at the 4th Nordic Conference on Climate Change Adaptation in Bergen, Norway, August 2016.
The prolongation and intensification of the thermal growing season offers several benefits for northern European forestry and agriculture. In southern Europe, negative impacts dominate.
The potential impacts of climate change on grassland biodiversity in Finland and potential adaptation options have been considered by focusing on grassland butterflies
How much sea level rise is to be expected at the upper limit of current IPCC scenarios? This question has been dealt with for northern Europe
In high-latitude regions of the Earth, temperatures have risen 0.6 °C per decade, twice as fast as the global average. The resulting thaw of frozen ground
By the 2020s, the main beneficiary of the warming climate appears to be Finland, where the number of good months is projected to rise by one month
Results from an analysis of the inter-annual variability of ice conditions at a coastal site in the Gulf of Finland (Baltic Sea) during the period 1927–2012 showed a significant decrease
The probability of forest fire danger days in Finland has been estimated to increase by 56-75% for 2010−2029 and 71-91% for 2080−2099.
Potential grass yield in Northern Europe is projected to increase in 2050 compared with 1960–1990, mainly as a result of increased growing temperatures.
The northernmost regions of Finland seem to have most potential for benefiting from an increasing temperature sum, but will also suffer most from increasing precipitation ...
During 2000–2030, the primary production and net carbon sequestration of Norway spruce are estimated to increase in southern Finland ...
Mean and extreme wind speeds in Northern Europe have been projected for the future periods 2046–2065 and 2081–2100 ...