Vulnerabilities - Italy
Wine production in Italy will be affected (1,2,3):
- increases in heat accumulation will reduce the total area available for wine grape production and will shift wine production to warmer climate varieties;
- while frost constraints will be reduced, the increase in the frequency of extreme hot days in the growing season are projected to reduce wine grape production in many areas of the South of Italy and in many areas where premium wine production takes place.
For Tuscany (central Italy) the effect of two important adaptation measures was assessed to counterbalance the effect of warmer temperatures and lower precipitation under climate change on grape yield and quality: (a) relocating the grape production area uphill, where there is less climate impact on wine quality, and (b) using an ‘‘exotic’’ grape variety (e.g. a southern Italian variety), which is drought resistant, to replace the current grape variety. It was concluded that it is generally recommendable to use a combination of these adaptation measures starting with relocating, because the benefit of a new variety is not yet certain (4).
The references below are cited in full in a separate map 'References'. Please click here if you are looking for the full references for Italy.
- Bartolini et al. (2008), in: Ministry for the Environment, Land and Sea of Italy (2009)
- Bindi et al. (1996), in: Ministry for the Environment, Land and Sea of Italy (2009)
- Orlandini et al. (2009), in: Ministry for the Environment, Land and Sea of Italy (2009)
- Zhu et al. (2016)