Italy Italy Italy Italy

References Italy

Aakre, S., Banaszak, I., Mechler, R., Rübbelke, D., Wreford, A. and H. Kalirai, 2010. Financial adaptation to disaster risk in the European Union. Identifying roles for the public sector. Mitig Adapt Strateg Glob Change 15: 721–736.

Aceto, L., Caloiero, T., Pasqua, A.A. and O. Petrucci, 2016. 
Analysis of damaging hydrogeological events in a Mediterranean region (Calabria). Journal of Hydrology 541: 510–522. 

Acquaotta, F., Faccini, F., Fratianni, S., Paliaga, G. and A. Sacchini, 2018. Rainfall intensity in the Genoa Metropolitan Area: secular variations and consequences. Weather 73 (11): 356-362.

ACIA, 2004. Impacts of a warming Arctic. Arctic Climate Impact Assessment. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 140 pp.

AdaptAlp. Advance. Meeting the risk of climate change and natural hazards in the Alps. Common Strategic Paper AdaptAlp project, 11 pp.

Adloff, F., Somot, S., Sevault, F., Jordà, G., Aznar, R., Déqué. M., Herrmann, M., Marcos, M., Dubois, C., Padorno, E., Alvarez‐Fanjul, E. and D. Gomis, 2015.  Mediterranean Sea response to climate change in an ensemble of twenty first century scenarios. Climate Dynamics 45: 2775–2802. 

Alcamo, J., J.M. Moreno, B. Nováky, M. Bindi, R. Corobov, R.J.N. Devoy, C. Giannakopoulos, E. Martin, J.E. Olesen, A. Shvidenko, 2007: Europe. Climate Change 2007: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, M.L. Parry, O.F. Canziani, J.P. Palutikof, P.J. van der Linden and C.E. Hanson, Eds., Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 541-580.

Alikadic, A., Pertot, I., Eccel, E., Dolci, C., Zarbo, C., Caffarra, A., De Filippi, R. and C. Furlanello, 2019. The impact of climate change on grapevine phenology and the influence of altitude: A regional study. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 271: 73-82.

Amelung, B. and D. Viner, 2006. Mediterranean tourism: Exploring the future with the Tourism Climatic Index.Journal of Sustainable Tourism 14 (4): 349-366.

Amendola, S., Maimone, F., Pelino, V. and A. Pasini, 2019. New records of monthly temperature extremes as a signal of climate change in Italy. International Journal of Climatology 39: 2491-2503. 

Anderson, J. (ed.), 2007. Climate change-induced water stress and its impact on natural and managed ecosystems. Report European Parliament IP/A/CLIM/ST/2007.06.

Appiotti, F., Krželj, M., Russo, A., Ferretti, M., Bastianini, M. and F. Marincioni, 2014. A multidisciplinary study on the effects of climate change in the northern Adriatic Sea and the Marche region (central Italy). Regional Environmental Change 14: 2007–2024.

Arnell, N.W., 2004. Climate change and global water resources: SRES scenarios and socio-economic scenarios. Global and Environmental Change14: 31-52.

Aruffo, E. and P. Di Carlo, 2019. Homogenization of instrumental time series of air temperature in Central Italy (1930−2015). Climate Research 77: 193-204.

Avolio, E., Cavalcanti, O., Furnari, L., Senatore, A. and G. Mendicino, 2019. 
Brief communication: Preliminary hydro-meteorological analysis of the flash flood of 20 August 2018 in Raganello Gorge, southern Italy. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences 19: 1619-1627.

Bakkenes, M., Alkemade, J.R.M., Ihle, F., Leemans, R. and J.B. Latour, 2002. Assessing effects of forecasted climate change on the diversity and distribution of European higher plants for 2050. Global Change Biology 8: 390-407.

Bard, A., Renard, B., Lang, M., Giuntoli, I., Korck, J., Koboltschnig, G., Janža, M., d’Amico, M. and D. Volken, 2015. Trends in the hydrologic regime of Alpine rivers. Journal of Hydrology 529: 1823–1837. 

Barredo, J.I., 2007. Major flood disasters in Europe: 1950–2005. Nat Hazards 42:125–148.

Barriopedro, D., Fischer, E.M., Luterbacher, J., Trigo, R.M. and R. García-Herrera, 2011. The hot summer of 2010: Redrawing the temperature record map of Europe. Science 332: 220-224.

Battisti, A., Statsmy, M., Schopf, A., Roques, A., Robinet, C. and A. Larsson, 2005. Expansion of geographical range in the pine processionary month caused by increased winter temperature. Ecological Applications 15: 2084-2094.

Beaugrand, G. and P.C. Reid, 2003. Long-term changes in phytoplankton, zooplankton and salmon related to climate. Global Change Biology 9: 801-817.

Behrens, A., Georgiev, A. and M. Carraro, 2010. Future impacts of climate change across Europe. Centre for European Policy Studies (CEPS) Working Document No. 324/February 2010.

Bender, M.A., Knutson, T.R., Tuleya, R.E., Sirutis, J.J., Vecchi, G.A., Garner, S.T. and I. M. Held. 2010. Modeled Impact of Anthropogenic Warming on the Frequency of Intense Atlantic Hurricanes. Science 327: 454 – 458.

Beniston, M., 2004. The 2003 heat wave in Europe: a shape of things to come? Geophysical Research Letters 31: L02202.

Beniston, M., Stephenson, D.B., Christensen, O.B., Ferro, C.A.T., Frei, C., Goyette, S., Halsnaes, K., Holt, T., Jylhä, K., Koffi, B., Palutikof, J., Schöll, R., Semmler, T. en K. Woth, 2007. Future extreme events in European climate: an exploration of regional climate model projections. Climate Change 81: 71-95.

Blenkinsop, S. and H. J. Fowler, 2007. Changes in European drought characteristics projected by the PRUDENCE regional climate models. International Journal of Climatology 27: 1595–1610.

Bodini, A.and Q. A. Cossu, 2010. Vulnerability assessment of Central-East Sardinia (Italy) to extreme rainfall events. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences 10: 61–72.

Boisvenue, C. and S.W. Running, 2006. Impacts of climate change on natural forest productivity: evidence since the middle of the 20th century. Global Change Biology 12: 862-882.

Bosello, F., Nicholls, R.J., Richards, J., Roson, R. and R. S. J. Tol, 2012. Economic impacts of climate change in Europe: sea-level rise. Climatic Change 112: 63–81.

Bouwer, L.M., Huitema, D. and J.C.J.H. Aert, 2007. Adaptive flood management: the role of insurance and compensation in Europe. Proceedings Conference on the Human Dimensions of Global Environmental Change, 24-26 May 2007, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 35 pp.

Bregaglio, S., Hossard, L., Cappelli, G., Resmond, R., Bocchi, S., Barbier, J.M., Ruget, F. and S. Delmotte, 2017. Identifying trends and associated uncertainties in potential rice production under climate change in Mediterranean areas. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 237-238: 219-232.

Brönnimann, S., Rajczak, J., Fischer, E.M., Raible, C.C., Rohrer, M. and C. Schär, 2018. Changing seasonality of moderate and extreme precipitation events in the Alps. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences 18: 2047-2056.

Brunetti, M., Maugeri, M., Monti, F. and T. Nanni, 2004. Changes in daily precipitation frequency and distribution in Italy over the last 120 years. Journal of Geophysical Research109, D05102, doi:10.1029/2003JD004296.

Brunetti, M., Maugeri, M. and T. Nanni, 2006. Trends of the daily intensity of precipitation in Italy and teleconnections. Il Nuovo Cimento29 C (1): 105-116.

Caloiero, T., Coscarelli, R., Gaudio, R. and G.P. Leonardo, 2019. Precipitation trend and concentration in the Sardinia region. Theoretical and Applied Climatology 137: 297-307. 

Camuffo, D. and G. Stararo, 2004. Use of proxy-documentary and instrumental data to assess the risk factors leading to sea flooding in Venice. Global and Planetary Change 40: 93-103.

Camuffo, D., Bertolin, C. and P. Schenal, 2017. A novel proxy and the sea level rise in Venice, Italy, from 1350 to 2014. Climatic Change 143: 73-86.

Cane, D., Wastl, C., Barbarino, S., Renier, L.A., Schunk, C. and A. Menzel, 2013. Projection of fire potential to future climate scenarios in the Alpine area: some methodological considerations. Climatic Change 119: 733–746.

Carminati E and Martinelli G, 2002. Subsidence rates in the Po Plain, northern Italy: the relative impact of natural and anthropogenic causation Engineering Geology 66 (3-4): 241-255.

Carraro, C. and A. Sgobbi, 2008. Climate change impacts and adaptation strategies in Italy. An economic assessment. Fondazioni Eni Enrico Mattei, Nota di Lavoro 6.2008.

Cassardo, C., Cremonini, R., Gandini, D., Paesano, G., Pelosini, R. en M.W. Qian, 2001. Analysis of the severe flood of 13-16th October 2000 in Piedmont (Italy). Cuadernos de Investigación Geográfica 27: 147-162.

Cassola, F., Ferrari, F., Mazzino, A. and M.M. Miglietta, 2016. The role of the sea on the flash floods events over Liguria (northwestern Italy). Geophysical Research Letters 43: 3534–3542. 

Cazenave, A., Dieng, H.-B., Meyssignac, B., Von Schuckmann, K., Decharme, B. and E. Berthier, 2014. The rate of sea-level rise. Nature 4: 358-361.

Chmielewski, F.M. and T. Rotzer, 2001. Response of tree phenology to climate change across Europe. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 108: 101-112.

Ciabatta, L., Camici, S., Brocca, L., Ponziani, F., Stelluti, M., Berni, N. and T. Moramarco, 2016. Assessing the impact of climate-change scenarios on landslide occurrence in Umbria Region, Italy. Journal of Hydrology 541: 285–295. 

Commission of the European Communities, 2007. Addressing the challenge of water scarcity and droughts in the European Union. COM(2007) 414.

Cotton, P.A., 2003. Avian migration phenology and global climate change. Proceedings National Academy of Sciences USA 100: 12219-12222.

Coumou, D. and S. Rahmstorf, 2012. A decade of weather extremes. Nature Climate Change 2: 491-496.

Council of the European Union, 2007. Precidency Conclusions. Brussels, 2 May 2007, 7224/1/07.

Dawson, T.P., Jackson, S.T., House, J.I., Colin Prentice, I. and G. M. Mace, 2011. Beyond predictions: Biodiversity conservation in a changing climate. SCIENCE 332: 53-58.

Del Bello, L., 2018. Venice’s massive flood gates could wreck ecosystem. Proposed system comes under renewed crutiny following recent floods. Nature 564: 16. 

Della-Marta, P. M., Haylock, M.R., Luterbacher, J. and H. Wanner, 2007. Doubled length of western European summer heat waves since 1880. Journal of Geophysical Research Vol. 112 (11 pp), D15103, doi:10.1029/2007JD008510.

Deutsche Bank Research, 2008. Climate change and tourism: Where will the journey lead? Energy and climate change Current Issues, 28 pp.

Di Falco, S., Adinolfi, F., Bozzola, M. and F. Capitanio, 2014. Crop insurance as a strategy for adapting to climate change. Journal of Agricultural Economics vol. 65 (2): 485–504.

Diffenbaugh, N.S., Pal, J.S., Giorgi, F.  and X. Gao, 2007. Heat stress intensification in the Mediterranean climate change hotspot. Geophysical Research Letters 34, L11706, doi:10.1029/2007GL030000.

Di Lena, B., Silvestroni, O., Lanari, V. and A. Palliotti, 2019. Climate change effects on cv. Montepulciano in some wine-growing areas of the Abruzzi region (Italy). Theoretical and Applied Climatology 136: 1145-1155.

D’Oria, M., Ferraresi, M. and M. Giovanna Tanda, 2017. Historical trends and high-resolution future climate projections in northern Tuscany (Italy). Journal of Hydrology 555: 708-723. 

Dullinger, S., Gattringer, A. Thuiller, W., Moser, D., Zimmermann, N.E., Guisan, A., Willner, W., Plutzar, C., Leitner, M., Mang, T., Caccianiga, M., Dirnböck, T., Ertl, S., Fischer, A., Lenoir, J., Svenning, J.-C., Psomas, A., Schmatz, D.R., Silc, U., Vittoz, P. and K. Hülber, 2012. Extinction debt of high-mountain plants under twenty-first-century climate change. Nature Climate Change 2: 619-622.

Eisenreich, 2005. Climate Change and the European Water Dimension. A report to the European Water Directors 2005. EU Report No. 21553.

Ericson, J.P., Vörösmarty, C.J., Dingman, S.L., Ward, L.G., and M. Meybeck, 2006. Effective sea-level rise and deltas: Causes of change and human dimension implications. Global and Planetary Change 50: 63–82.

Erol, A. and T. O. Randhir, 2012. Climatic change impacts on the ecohydrology of Mediterranean watersheds. Climatic Change 114: 319–341.

European Commission, 2008. Climate change and International security. Paper from the High Representative and the European Commission to the European Council. S113/08.

European Environment Agency (EEA), 2003. Mapping the impacts of recent natural disasters and technological accidents in Europe. Environmental Issues, Report No. 35, Copenhagen, Denmark, 48 pp.

European Environment Agency (EEA), 2005. Vulnerability and adaptation to climate change in Europe. Technical report No 7/2005.

European Environment Agency (EEA), 2009. Water resources across Europe – confronting water scarcity and drought. Technical report No 2/2009.

European Environment Agency (EEA), JRC and WHO, 2008. Impact of Europe’s changing climate – 2008 indicator-based assessment. EEA Report no 4/2008 – JRC Reference Report no. JRC47756.

European Wind Energy Association, 2011. Wind in power. 2010 European Statistics, 11 pp.

Evans, G., 2008. Man’s Impact on the Coastline. Journal of Iberian Geology 34 (2) 2008: 167-190.

Fenocchi, A., Rogora, M., Sibilla, S., Ciampittiello, M. and C. Dresti, 2018. Forecasting the evolution in the mixing regime of a deep subalpine lake under climate change scenarios through numerical modelling (Lake Maggiore, Northern Italy/Southern Switzerland). Climate Dynamics 51: 3521 - 3536. 

Fioravanti, G., Piervitali, E. and F. Desiato, 2016. Recent changes of temperature extremes over Italy: an index-based analysis. Theoretical and Applied Climatology 123: 473–486. 

Fischer, E.M. and C. Schär, 2009. European heat waves in a changing climate. Proceedings CAWCR Modelling Workshop 2009: modeling and understanding high impact weather. The Centre for Australian Weather and Climate Research.

Fischer, E.M., Rajczak, J. and C. Schär, 2012. Changes in European summer temperature variability revisited. Geophysical Research Letters 39, L19702, doi:10.1029/2012GL052730.

Fischlin (ed.), 2009. Future environmental impacts and vulnerabilities, in: Seppälä, R.,  Buck, A. and P. Katila (eds.), 2009. Adaptation of forests and people to climate change. A global assessment report. IUFRO World Series Volume 22, Helsinki, 224 pp.

Frei, C., Schöll, R., Fukutome, S., Schmidli, J. and P. L. Vidale, 2006. Future change of precipitation extremes in Europe: Intercomparison of scenarios from regional climate models Journal of Geophysical Research 111, D06105, doi:10.1029/2005JD005965, 2006.

Gariano, S.L., Petrucci, O. and F. Guzzetti, 2015. Changes in the occurrence of rainfall-induced landslides in Calabria, southern Italy, in the 20th century. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences 15: 2313–2330.

Gariano, S.L. and F. Guzzetti, 2016. Landslides in a changing climate. Earth-Science Reviews 162: 227-252. 

German Advisory Council on Global Change (2007), World in transition: Climate change as a security risk. Summary for policy-makers.German Advisory Council on Global Change, Berlin, 13 pp.

Giannakopoulos, C., Bindi, M., Moriondo, M., LeSager, P. and T. Tin, 2005. Climate change impacts in the Mediterranean resulting from a 2⁰C global temperature rise. Report for WWF, 67 pp.

Gilbert, A. and C. Vincent, 2013. Atmospheric temperature changes over the 20th century at very high elevations in the European Alps from englacial temperatures, Geophysical Research Letters 40: 2102–2108.

Golombek, R., Kittelsen, S.A.C. and I. Haddeland, 2012. Climate change: impacts on electricity markets in Western Europe. Climatic Change 113: 357–370.

Gottfried, M., Pauli, H., Futschik, A., Akhalkatsi, M., Barančok, P., Benito Alons, J.L., Coldea, G., Dick, J., Erschbamer, B., Fernández Calzado, M.R., Kazakis, G., Krajči, J., Larsson, P., Mallaun, M., Michelsen, O., Moiseev, D., Moiseev, P., Molau, U., Merzouki, A., Nagy, L., Nakhutsrishvili, G., Pedersen, B., Pelino, G., Puscas, M., Rossi, G., Stanisci, A., Theurillat, J.-P., Tomaselli, M., Villar, L., Vittoz, P., Vogiatzakis, I. and G. Grabherr, 2012. Continent-wide response of mountain vegetation to climate change. Nature Climate Change 2: 111-115.

Guiot, J. and W. Cramer, 2016. Climate change: The 2015 Paris Agreement thresholds and Mediterranean basin ecosystems. Science 354 (6311): 465-468. 

Hajat, S., Ebi, K.L., Kovats, S., Menne, B., Edwards, S. and A. Haines, 2003. The human health consequences of flooding in Europe and the implications for public health: a review of the evidence. Applied Environmental Science and Public Health 1.

Harrison, P.A., Berry, P.M., Butt, N. and M. New, 2006: Modelling climate change impacts on species’ distributions at the European scale: implications for conservation policy. Environmental Science & Policy 9: 116-128.

Heinrich, G. and A. Gobiet, 2012. The future of dry and wet spells in Europe: a comprehensive study based on the ENSEMBLES regional climate models. International  Journal of Climatology 32: 1951–1970.

Hinkel, J., Nicholls, R.J., Vafeidis, A.T., Tol, R.S.J. and T. Avagianou, 2010. Assessing risk of and adaptation to sea-level rise in the European Union: an application of DIVA. Mitig Adapt Strateg Glob Change 15: 703–719.

Hochrainer, S., Linnerooth-Bayer, J. and R. Mechler, 2010. The European Union Solidarity Fund. Its legitimacy, viability and efficiency. Mitig Adapt Strateg Glob Change 15: 797–810.

Hoegh-Guldberg, O. and J. F. Bruno, 2010. The impact of climate change on the world's marine ecosystems. Science 328: 1523-1528.

Huppop, O. and K. Huppop, 2003. North Atlantic Oscillation and timing of spring migration in birds. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B Biological Sciences 270: 233-240.

Iglesias, A., Garrote, L., Quiroga, S. and M. Moneo, 2009. Impacts of climate change in agriculture in Europe. PESETA-Agriculture study. Report EUR 24107 EN – 2009, 51 pp.

Innes, J. (ed.), 2009. Management for adaptation, in: Seppälä, R.,  Buck, A. and P. Katila (eds.), 2009. Adaptation of forests and people to climate change. A global assessment report. IUFRO World Series Volume 22, Helsinki, 224 pp.

Iocola, I. et al., 2017. Can conservation tillage mitigate climate change impacts in Mediterranean cereal systems? A soil organic carbon assessment using long term experiments. European Journal of Agronomy 90: 96-107. 

IPCC, 2000. Special report on emissions scenarios: a special report of Working Group III of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, N. Nakicenovic and R. Swart (eds), Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

IPCC, 2007. Climate Change 2007: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, M.L. Parry, O.F. Canziani, J.P. Palutikof, P.J. van der Linden and C.E. Hanson, Eds., Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 976pp.

IPCC, 2012. Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation. A Special Report of Working Groups I and II of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Field, C.B., V. Barros, T.F. Stocker, D. Qin, D.J. Dokken, K.L. Ebi, M.D. Mastrandrea, K.J. Mach, G.-K. Plattner, S.K. Allen, M. Tignor, and P.M. Midgley (eds.)]. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, and New York, NY, USA, 582 pp.

IPCC, 2014. Climate Chang 2014: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability. Part A: Global and Sectoral Aspects. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (United Kingdom) and New York (USA), 1131 pp.

Jacobsen, D., Milner, A.M., Brown, J.E. and O. Dangles, 2012. Biodiversity under threat in glacier-fed river systems. Nature Climate Change 2: 361-364.

Jordà, G., Gomis, D., and M. Marcos, 2012. Comment on “Storm surge frequency reduction in Venice under climate change” by Troccoli et al. Climatic Change 113 (3-4): 1081-1087.

Karas, J., 2000. Climate change and the Mediterranean region. Report Greenpeace, 34 pp.

Kellomäki, S., Karjalainen, T., Mohren, F. and T. Lapveteläinen (eds.), 2000. Expert assessments of the likely impacts of climate change on forests and forestry in Europe. European Forest Institute EFI Proceedings No. 34, 120 pp.

Kirilenko, A.P. and R.A. Sedjo, 2007.Climate change impacts on forestry. PNAS vol. 104, no. 50: 19697–19702.

Kjellström, E., 2004: Recent and Future Signatures of Climate Change in Europa. Ambio, 33, 193-198.

Klein Tank, A.M.G. and G.P. Können, 2003. Trends in indices of daily temperature and precipitation extremes in Europe, 1946–1999. Journal of Climatology 16: 3665–3680.

Kosatsky, T., 2005. The 2003 European heat waves. Eurosurveillance 10 (7) :pii=552. Available online: http://www.eurosurveillance.org/ViewArticle.aspx?ArticleId=552.

Kundzewicz, Z.W., 2002. Non-structural flood protection and sustainability. Water International vol. 27, no. 1: 3–13.

Kundzewicz, Z.W., 2006. Climate change and floods. Bulletin, the Journal of the World Meteorological Organization July 2006.

Kuusisto, K., 2004. The influence of climate change to European lakes, with a special emphasis in the Balkan Region. BALWOIS 2004, Ohrid, FY Republic of Macedonia, 25-29 May 2004, 5 pp.

Lanza, S.G., 2003. Flood hazard threat on cultural heritage in the town of Genoa (Italy), 2003. Journal of Cultural Heritage 4: 159-167. 

Lehner, B., Czisch, G. and S. Vassolo, S., 2005. The impact of global change on the hydropower potential of Europe: a model-based analysis. Energy Policy 33: 839-855.

Lemoine, N. and K. Bohning-Gaese, 2003. Potential impact of global climate change on species richness of long-distance migrants. Conservation Biology 17: 577-586.

Lionello, P., Congedi, L., Reale, M., Scarascia, L. and A. Tanzarella, 2014. Sensitivity of typical Mediterranean crops to past and future evolution of seasonal temperature and precipitation in Apulia. Regional Environmental Change 14: 2025–2038.

Mambretti, S.,De Wrachien, D. and A. Sole, 2008. Flood-risk assessment and hazard mitigation measures: case studies and lessons learnt in Italy. In: Flood Recovery, Innovation and Response. Proceedings First International Conference on Flood Recovery, Innovation and Response, WITPress, Southampton, UK, pp. 17-26.

Markham, A., Osipova, E., Lafrenz Samuels, K. and Caldas, A. 2016. World Heritage 
and Tourism in a Changing Climate. United Nations Environment Programme, Nairobi, Kenya and United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, Paris, France. 

Marttila, V., Granholm, H., Laanikari, J., Yrjölä, T., Aalto, A., Heikinheimo, P., Honkatukia, J., Järvinen, H., Liski, J., Merivirta, R., Paunio, M., 2005. Finland’s National Strategy for Adaptation to Climate Change. Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry of Finland Publication 1a/2005.

Meehl, G.A. and C. Tebaldi, 2004. More Intense, More Frequent, and Longer Lasting Heat Waves in the 21st Century. Science Vol. 305 (no. 5686): 994 – 997.

Mel, R., Sterl, A. and P. Lionello, 2013. High resolution climate projection of storm surge at the Venetian coast. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences, 13: 1135–1142.

Menzel, A., Sparks, T.H., Estrella, N., Koch, E., Aas, A., Aha, R., Alm-Ku, K., Bissolli, P., Braslavská, O., Briede, A., Chmielewski, F.M., Crepinsek, Z., Curnel, Y., Dahl, Å., Defila, C., Donnelly, A., Filella, Y., Jatczak, K., Måge, F., Mestre, A., Nordli, Ø., Peñuelas, J., Pirinen, P., Remišová, V., Scheifinger, H., Striz, M., Susnik, A., Van Vliet, A.J.H., Wielgolaski, F.-E., Zach, S. and A. Zust, 2006. European phenological response to climate change matches the warming pattern. Global Change Biology 12: 1969–1976.

MET Office, 2011. Climate: Observations, projections and impacts - Italy. 135 pp.

Michelozzi, P., deDonato, F., Bisanti, L., Russo, A., Cadum,E., Demaria, M., D’Ovidio, M., Costa, G. and C. Perucci, 2005. The impact of the summer 2003 heatwaves on mortality in four Italian cities. Euro Surveillance10 (7):161-165.

Mills, E., Roth, R.J. Jr. and E. Lecomte, 2005. Availability and affordability of insurance under climate change. A growing challenge for the U.S. Report commissioned by Ceres, 40 pp.

Ministry for the Environment, Land and Sea of Italy, 2007. Fourth National Communication under the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change: Italy, 325 pp.

Ministry for the Environment, Land and Sea of Italy, 2009. Fifth National Communication under the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change: Italy, 236 pp.

Moriondo, M., Bindi, M., Kundzewicz, Z.W., Szwed, M., Chorynski, A., Matczak, P., Radziejewski, M., McEvoy, D. and A. Wreford, 2010. Impact and adaptation opportunities for European agriculture in response to climatic change and variability. Mitig Adapt Strateg Glob Change 15: 657–679.

Nicholls, N. and L. Alexander, 2007. Has the climate become more variable or extreme? Progress 1992–2006. Progress in Physical Geography 31(1): 77–87.

Olesen, J. and M. Bindi, 2002. Consequences of climate change for European agricultural productivity, land use and policy. European Journal of Agronomy 16 (2002): 239–262.

Osman-Elasha, B. and J. Parrotta, 2009 (eds).Future socio-economic impacts and vulnerabilities, in: Seppälä, R.,  Buck, A. and P. Katila (eds.), 2009. Adaptation of forests and people to climate change. A global assessment report. IUFRO World Series Volume 22, Helsinki, 224 pp.

Paranunzio, R., Laio, F., Chiarle, M., Nigrelli, G. and F. Guzzetti, 2016. Climate anomalies associated with the occurrence of rockfalls at high-elevation in the Italian Alps. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences 16: 2085 – 2106.

Paranunzio, R., Chiarle, M., Laio, F., Nigrelli, G., Turconi, L. and F. Luino, 2019. New insights in the relation between climate and slope failures at high-elevation sites. Theoretical and Applied Climatology 137: 1765 - 1784. 

Parolo, G. and G. Rossi, 2007. Upward migration of vascular plants following a climate warming trend in the Alps. Basic and Applied Ecology 9(2): 100-107.

Peres, D.J.  and A. Cancelliere, 2018. Modeling impacts of climate change on return period of landslide triggering. Journal of Hydrology 567: 420-434. 

Piccarreta, M., Pasini, A., Capolongo, D. and M. Lazzari, 2013. Changes in daily precipitation extremes in the Mediterranean from 1951 to 2010: the Basilicata region, southern Italy. International Journal of Climatology 33: 3229–3248.

Piccarreta, M., Lazzari,M. and A. Pasini, 2015. 
 Trends in daily temperature extremes over the Basilicata region (southern Italy) from 1951 to 2010 in a Mediterranean climatic context. International Journal of Climatology 35: 1964–1975
.

Pounds, J.A., Bustamante, M.R., Coloma, L.A., Consuegra, J.A., Fogden, M.P.L., Foster, P.N., La Marca, E., Masters, K.L., Merino-Viteri, A., Puschendorf, R., Ron, S.R., Sánchez-Azofeifa, G.A., Still, C.J. and B. E. Young, 2006. Widespread amphibian extinctions from epidemic disease driven by global warming. Nature 439: 161-167.

Pranzini, E. , 2013. Italy. In: Pranzini and Williams (eds), Coastal erosion and protection in Europe, Routledge, Oxon, pp. 294-323.

Range, P., Chícharo, M.A., Ben-Hamadou, R., Piló, D., Fernandez-Reiriz, M.J., Labarta, U., Marin, M.G., Bressan, M., Matozzo, V., Chinellato, A., Munari, M., El Menif, N.T., Dellali, M. and  L. Chícharo, 2014. Impacts of CO2-induced seawater acidification on coastal Mediterranean bivalves and interactions with other climatic Stressors. Regional Environmental Change 14 (Suppl 1): S19–S30.

Ravera, O., 2000. The Lagoon of Venice: the result of both natural factors and human influence. Journal of Limnology 59: 19-30.

Reimann, L., Vafeidis, A.T., Brown, S., Hinkel, J. and R.S.J. Tol, 2018. Mediterranean UNESCO World Heritage at risk from coastal flooding and erosion due to sea-level rise
. Nature Communications 9: 4161 | DOI: 10.1038/s41467-018-06645-9.

Roberts, G. (ed.), 2009. Current adaptation measures and policies, in: Seppälä, R.,  Buck, A. and P. Katila (eds.), 2009. Adaptation of forests and people to climate change. A global assessment report. IUFRO World Series Volume 22, Helsinki, 224 pp.

Rounsevell, M.D.A., Ewert, F., Reginster, I., Leemans, R. and T.R. Carter, 2005. Future scenarios of European agricultural land use: II. Projecting changes in cropland and grassland. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 107 (2-3): 117-135.

Salman, A., S. Lombardo and P. Doody, 2004. Living with coastal erosion in Europe: sediment and space for sustainability. Part I - Major findings and policy recommendations of the EUROSION project. Service contract B4-3301/2001/329175/MAR/B3.

Sangelantoni, L., Gioia, E. and F. Marincioni, 2018. Impact of climate change on landslides frequency: the Esino river basin case study (Central Italy). Natural Hazards 93: 849-884.

Schelhaas, M.-J., Hengeveld, G., Moriondo, M., Reinds, G.J., Kundzewicz, Z.W., Ter Maat, H. and M. Bindi, 2010. Assessing risk and adaptation options to fires and windstorms in European forestry. Mitig Adapt Strateg Glob Change 15: 681–701.

Schröter,  D., Cramer, W., Leemans, R., Prentice, C.I., Araújo, M.B., Arnell, N.W., Bondeau, A., Bugmann, H., Carter, T.R., Gracia, C.A., De la Vega-Leinert, A.C., Erhard, M., Ewert, F., Glendining, M., House, J.I., Kankaanpää, S., Klein, R.J.T., Lavorel, S., Lindner, M., Metzger, M.J., Meyer, J., Mitchell, T.D., Reginster, I., Rounsevell, M., Sabaté, S., Sitch, S., Smith, B., Smith, J., Smith, P., Sykes, M.T., Thonicke, K., Thuiller, W., Tuck, G., Zaehle, S., and B. Zierl, 2005. Ecosystem Service Supply and Vulnerability to Global Change in Europe. Science 310: 1333-1337.

Semenza J.C. and B. Menne, 2009. Climate Change and Infectious Diseases in Europe. Lancet ID 9:365-375.

Silva, J.M.N., Moreno, M.V., Le Page, Y., Oom, D., Bistinas, I. and J.M.C. Pereira, 2019. Spatiotemporal trends of area burnt in the Iberian Peninsula, 1975–2013. Regional Environmental Change19: 515-527. 

Steger, C., Kotlarski, S., Jonas, T. and C. Schär, 2013. Alpine snow cover in a changing climate: a regional climate model perspective. Climate Dynamics 41:735–754.

Straile, D. and N.C. Stenseth, 2007. The North Atlantic Oscillation and ecology: links between historical time-series, and lessons regarding future climate warming. Climate Research 34: 259-262.

Swedish Commission on Climate and Vulnerability, 2007. Sweden facing climate change – threats and opportunities. Final report of the Swedish Commission on Climate and Vulnerability. Swedish Government Official ReportsSOU 2007:60, 679 pp.

Taylor, R.G., Scanlon, B., Döll, P., Rodell, M., Van Beek, R., Wada, Y., Longuevergne, L., Leblanc, M., Famiglietti, J.S., Edmunds, M., Konikow, L., Green, T.R., Chen, J., Taniguchi, M., Bierkens, M.F.P., MacDonald, A., Fan, Y., Maxwell, R.M., Yechieli, Y., Gurdak, J.J., Allen, D.M., Shamsudduha, M., Hiscock, K., Yeh, P. J.-F., Holman, I. and H. Treidel, 2012.Ground water and climate change. Nature Climate Change.Published Online: 25 November 2012 | DOI: 10.1038/NCLIMATE1744.

Teslić, N., Vujadinović, M., Ruml, M., Ricci, A., Vuković, A., Parpinello, G.P. and A. Versari, 2019. Future climatic suitability of the Emilia-Romagna (Italy) region for grape production. Regional Environmental Change19: 599-614.

Thomas, C.D., Cameron, A., Green, R.E., Bakkenes, M., Beaumont, L.J., Collingham, Y.C., Erasmus, B.F.N., Ferreira de Siqueira, M., Grainger, A., Hannah, L., Hughes, L., Huntley, B., Van Jaarsveld, A.S., Midgley, G.F., Miles, L., Ortega-Huerta, M.A., Peterson, A.T., Phillips, O.L. and S. E. Williams, 2004. Extinction risk from climate change. Nature 427: 145-148.

Thuiller, W., Lavorel, S., Araujo, M.B., Sykes, M.T. and I.C. Prentice, 2005. Climate change threats to plant diversity in Europe. Proceedings National Academy of Sciences USA 102: 8245- 8250.

Todeschini, S., 2012. Trends in long daily rainfall series of Lombardia (northern Italy) affecting urban stormwater control. International Journal of Climatology 32: 900–919.

Tomozeiu, R., Agrillo, G., Cacciamani, C. and V. Pavan, 2014. Statistically downscaled climate change projections of surface temperature over Northern Italy for the periods 2021–2050 and 2070–2099. Natural Hazards 72: 143–168.

Troccoli, A., Zambon, F., Hodges, K.I. and M. Marani, 2012. Storm surge frequency reduction in Venice under climate change. Climatic Change 113 (3-4): 1065-1079.

Tzanatos, E., Raitsos, D.E., Triantafyllou, G., Somarakis, S. and A.A. Tsonis, 2014. Indications of a climate effect on Mediterranean fisheries. Climatic Change 122: 41–54.

UNDP, 2009. Climate change in Moldova. Socio-economic impact and policy options for adaptation. National Human Development Report 2009/2010: 224 pp.

UNWTO, UNEP and WHO, 2008. Climate change and tourism. Responding to global challenges. Summary, 24 pp.

Vallebona, C., Pellegrino, E., Frumento, P. and E. Bonari, 2015. Temporal trends in extreme rainfall intensity and erosivity in the Mediterranean region: a case study in southern Tuscany, Italy. Climatic Change 128: 139–151.

Van Vliet, M.T.H., Yearsley, J.R., Ludwig, F., Vögele, S., Lettenmaier, D.P. and P. Kabat, 2012. Vulnerability of US and European electricity supply to climate change. Nature Climate Change 2: 676-681.

Ventrella, D., Charfeddine, M., Moriondo, M., Rinaldi, M. and M. Bindi, 2012. Agronomic adaptation strategies under climate change for winter durum wheat and tomato in southern Italy: irrigation and nitrogen fertilization. Regional Environmental Change 12: 407–419.

Viola, F., Liuzzo, L., Noto, L.V., Lo Conti, F. and G. La Loggia, 2014. Spatial distribution of temperature trends in Sicily. International Journal of Climatology 34: 1–17.

Vousdoukas, M.I., Voukouvalas, E., Annunziato, A., Giardino, A. and L. Feyen, 2016.  Projections of extreme storm surge levels along Europe. Climate Dynamics 47: 3171-3190. 

Wada, Y., van Beek, L.P.H. and M.F.P. Bierkens, 2012. Non-sustainable groundwater sustaining irrigation: A global assessment. Water Resources Research, Vol. 48, W00L06, doi:10.1029/2011WR010562.

Walraven, A. and J. Aerts, 2008. Connecting Delta Cities. Sea level rise and major coastal cities. Report Free University Amsterdam, the Netherlands, 72 pp.

Walther, G.-R., Beissner, S. and C.A. Burga, 2005. Trends in the upward shift of alpine plants. Journal of Vegetation Science16: 541-548.

Ward, R.E.T., Herweijer, C., Patmore, N. and R. Muir-Wood, 2008. The role of insurers in promoting adaptation to the impacts of climate change. The Geneva Papers (33): 133–139.

Watson, C.S., White, N.J., Church, J.A., King, M.A., Burgette, R.J. and B. Legresy, 2015.  Unabated global mean sea-level rise over the satellite altimeter era. Nature Climate Change 5: 565-569.

Willis, K.J. and S.A. Bhagwat, 2009. Biodiversity and climate change. Science 326: 806 – 807.

World Health Organization, 2007. Environment and health risks from climate change and variability in Italy.

Yi, S., Sun, W., Heki, K. and A. Qian, 2015. An increase in the rate of global mean sea level rise since 2010. Geophysical Research Letters 42: 3998-4006.

Zanchettin, D., Traverso, P. andM. Tomasino, 2008. Po River discharges: a preliminary analysis of a 200-year time series. Climatic Change 89: 411–433.

Zhu, X., Moriondo, M., van Ierland, E.C., Trombi, G. and M. Bindi, 2016. A model-based assessment of adaptation options for Chianti wine production in Tuscany (Italy) under climate change. Regional Environmental Change 16: 85–96. 

http://nos.nl/artikel/136991-aardverschuiving-treft-dorp-sicilie.html(downloaded 15 February 2010)

http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2000/oct/18/worlddispatch.weather

http://www.worldbank.org

x