References United Kingdom
Aakre, S., Banaszak, I., Mechler, R., Rübbelke, D., Wreford, A. and H. Kalirai, 2010. Financial adaptation to disaster risk in the European Union. Identifying roles for the public sector. Mitig Adapt Strateg Glob Change 15: 721–736.
Abdellatif, M., Atherton, W., Alkhaddar, R. and Y. Osman, 2015. Flood risk assessment for urban water system in a changing climate using artificial neural network. Natural Hazards 79: 1059–1077.
ACIA, 2004. Impacts of a warming Arctic. Arctic Climate Impact Assessment. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 140 pp.
Adaptation Sub-Committee, 2011. Adapting to climate change in the UK. Measuring progress. Adaptation Sub-Committee progress report 2011: 101 pp.
Albertson, K., Aylen, J., Cavan, G. and J. McMorrow, 2010. Climate change and the future occurrence of moorland wildfires in the Peak District of the UK. Climate Research 45: 105–118.
Alcamo, J., J.M. Moreno, B. Nováky, M. Bindi, R. Corobov, R.J.N. Devoy, C. Giannakopoulos, E. Martin, J.E. Olesen, A. Shvidenko, 2007: Europe. Climate Change 2007: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, M.L. Parry, O.F. Canziani, J.P. Palutikof, P.J. van der Linden and C.E. Hanson, Eds., Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 541-580.
Altizer, S., Ostfeld, R.S., Johnson, P.T.J., Kutz, S. and C. D. Harvell, 2013. Climate change and infectious diseases: From evidence to a predictive framework. Science 341: 514-519.
Amelung, B. and A. Moreno, 2012. Costing the impact of climate change on tourism in Europe: results of the PESETA project. Climatic Change 112:83–100.
Anderson, M., Dann, S., Hughes, C., Kersey, J., Chapman, L., Kings, J., Thornes, J., Hunt, A. and T. Taylor, 2003. The Potential Impacts of Climate Change in the West Midlands. Technical Report for Sustainability West Midlands. 164 pp.
Association of British Insurers, 2006. Coastal flood risk - Thinking for tomorrow, acting today. November 2006.
Association of British Insurers, 2007. Summer floods 2007: learning the lessons. November 2007.
Association of British Insurers, 2009. Climate adaptation. Guidance on insurance issues for new developments. 27 January 2009.
Bakkenes, M., Alkemade, J.R.M., Ihle, F., Leemans, R. and J.B. Latour, 2002. Assessing effects of forecasted climate change on the diversity and distribution of European higher plants for 2050. Global Change Biology 8: 390-407.
Barriopedro, D., Fischer, E.M., Luterbacher, J., Trigo, R.M. and R. García-Herrera, 2011. The hot summer of 2010: Redrawing the temperature record map of Europe. Science 332: 220-224.
Bassett, R., Young, P.J., Blair, G.S., Cai, X.-M.and L. Chapman, 2020. Urbanisation’s contribution to climate warming in Great Britain. Environmental Research Letters 15,114014.
Battisti, A., Statsmy, M., Schopf, A., Roques, A., Robinet, C. and A. Larsson, 2005. Expansion of geographical range in the pine processionary month caused by increased winter temperature. Ecological Applications 15: 2084-2094.
Beare, D., Burns, F., Jones, E., Peach, K., Portilla, E., Greig, T., McKenzie, E. and D. Reid, 2004. An increase in the abundance of anchovies and sardines in the northwestern North Sea since 1995. Global Change Biology10:1209-1213.
Beaugrand, G. and P.C. Reid, 2003. Long-term changes in phytoplankton, zooplankton and salmon related to climate. Global Change Biology 9: 801-817.
Behrens, A., Georgiev, A. and M. Carraro, 2010. Future impacts of climate change across Europe. Centre for European Policy Studies (CEPS) Working Document No. 324/February 2010.
Bell, V.A., Kay, A.L., Cole, S.J., Jones, R.G., Moore, R.J. and N.S. Reynard, 2012. How might climate change affect river flows across the Thames Basin? An area-wide analysis using the UKCP09 Regional Climate Model ensemble. Journal of Hydrology 442–443: 89–104.
Bell, V.A., Kay, A.L., Davies, H.N. and R.G. Jones, 2016. An assessment of the possible impacts of climate change on snow and peak river flows across Britain. Climatic Change 136: 539–553.
Bender, M.A., Knutson, T.R., Tuleya, R.E., Sirutis, J.J., Vecchi, G.A., Garner, S.T. and I. M. Held. 2010. Modeled Impact of Anthropogenic Warming on the Frequency of Intense Atlantic Hurricanes. Science 327: 454 – 458.
Beniston, M., 2004. The 2003 heat wave in Europe: a shape of things to come? Geophysical Research Letters 31: L02202.
Beniston, M., Stephenson, D.B., Christensen, O.B., Ferro, C.A.T., Frei, C., Goyette, S., Halsnaes, K., Holt, T., Jylhä, K., Koffi, B., Palutikof, J., Schöll, R., Semmler, T. en K. Woth, 2007. Future extreme events in European climate: an exploration of regional climate model projections. Climate Change 81: 71-95.
Bennett, J.E., Blangiardo, M., Fecht, D., Elliott, P. and M. Ezzati, 2014. Vulnerability to the mortality effects of warm temperature in the districts of England and Wales. Nature Climate Change 4: 269-273.
Blenkinsop, S. and H. J. Fowler, 2007. Changes in European drought characteristics projected by the PRUDENCE regional climate models. International Journal of Climatology 27: 1595–1610.
Blenkinsop, S., Lewis, E., Chan, S.C. and H.J. Fowler, 2017. Quality-control of an hourly rainfall dataset and climatology of extremes for the UK. International Journal of Climatology 37: 722-740.
Blott, S.J., Duck, R.W., Phillips, M.R., Pontee, N.I., Pye, K. and A. Williams, 2013. United Kingdom. In: Pranzini and Williams (eds), Coastal erosion and protection in Europe, Routledge, Oxon, pp. 173-208.
Boer, J., 2009. European cities show ambition on climate adaptation. Change Magazine Vol. 5 Nr. 3: 40-45.
Boisvenue, C. and S.W. Running, 2006. Impacts of climate change on natural forest productivity: evidence since the middle of the 20th century. Global Change Biology 12: 862-882.
Bosello, F., Nicholls, R.J., Richards, J., Roson, R. and R. S. J. Tol, 2012. Economic impacts of climate change in Europe: sea-level rise. Climatic Change 112: 63–81.
Bouwer, L.M., Huitema, D. and J.C.J.H. Aert, 2007. Adaptive flood management: the role of insurance and compensation in Europe. Proceedings Conference on the Human Dimensions of Global Environmental Change, 24-26 May 2007, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 35 pp.
Brown, I., Poggio, L., Gimona, A. and M. Castellazzi, 2011. Climate change, drought risk and land capability for agriculture: implications for land use in Scotland. Regional Environmental Change 11: 503–518.
Brown, I., 2019. Snow cover duration and extent for Great Britain in a changing climate: Altitudinal variations and synoptic-scale influences. International Journal of Climatology 39: 4611-4626.
Byers, E.A., Hall, J.W. and J.M. Amezaga, 2014. Electricity generation and cooling water use: UK pathways to 2050. Global Environmental Change 25: 16–30.
Carbon Disclosure Project (2012). Insights into climate change adaptation by UK companies. Report by the Carbon Disclosure Project, 55 pp.
Carleton,T.A. and S.M. Hsiang, 2016. Social and economic impacts of climate. Science 353 (6304), doi: 10.1126/science.aad9837.
Carson, C., Hajat, S., Armstrong, B. and P. Wilkinson, 2006. Declining vulnerability to temperature-related mortality in London over the twentieth century. American Journal of Epidemiology 164: 77-84.
Cassar, M., 2005. Climate change and the historic environment.Report Centre for Sustainable Heritage, University College London, 98 pp.
Cazenave, A., Dieng, H.-B., Meyssignac, B., Von Schuckmann, K., Decharme, B. and E. Berthier, 2014. The rate of sea-level rise. Nature 4: 358-361.
Chan, S.C., Kahana, R., Kendon, E.J. and H.J. Fowler, 2018. Projected changes in extreme precipitation over Scotland and Northern England using a high‐resolution regional climate model. Climate Dynamics 51: 3559 - 3577.
Chapman, S.C., Watkins, N. and S. D.A. Stainforth, 2019. Warming trends in summer heatwaves. Geophysical Research Letters, 46: 1634-1640.
Charlton, M.B. and N.W. Arnell, 2011. Adapting to climate change impacts on water resources in England. An assessment of draft Water Resources Management Plans. Global Environmental Change 21: 238–248.
Charlton, M.B. and N.W. Arnell, 2014. Assessing the impacts of climate change on river flows in England using the UKCP09 climate change projections. Journal of Hydrology 519: 1723–1738.
Chmielewski, F.M. and T. Rotzer, 2001. Response of tree phenology to climate change across Europe. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 108: 101-112.
Ciabatta, L., Camici, S., Brocca, L., Ponziani, F., Stelluti, M., Berni, N. and T. Moramarco, 2016. Assessing the impact of climate-change scenarios on landslide occurrence in Umbria Region, Italy. Journal of Hydrology 541: 285–295.
C-CLIF and GEMRU, 2003. Warming to the idea.Meeting the challenge of climate change in the South West. Technical report South West Region Climate Change Impact Scoping Study, 197 pp.
Clean Air Partnership, 2007. Cities Preparing for Climate Change. A Study of Six Urban Regions: 74 pp.
Coles, S. and J. Tawn, 2005. Bayesian modelling of extreme surges on the UK east coast.Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A. 363: 1387-1406.
Commission of the European Communities, 2007. Adapting to Climate Change in Europe, Options for EU Action. Green Paper, From the Commission to the Council, the European Parliament, European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions.
Commission of the European Communities, 2007. Addressing the challenge of water scarcity and droughts in the European Union. COM(2007) 414.
Committee on Climate Change Adaptation, 2010. How well prepared is the UK for climate change? Report Adaptation Sub-Committee, 66 pp.
Cotton, P.A., 2003. Avian migration phenology and global climate change. Proceedings National Academy of Sciences USA 100: 12219-12222.
Coumou, D. and S. Rahmstorf, 2012. A decade of weather extremes. Nature Climate Change 2: 491-496.
Council of the European Union, 2007. Precidency Conclusions. Brussels, 2 May 2007, 7224/1/07.
Cradden, L.C., Harrison, G.P. and J. P. Chick, 2012. Will climate change impact on wind power development in the UK? Climatic Change 115: 837–852.
Crichton, D. and C. Mounsey, 1997. How the insurance industry is using its flood research. Proceedings of the 32nd MAFF Annual Conference of Flood and Coastal Engineers, Keele, England.
Crichton, D., 2005. Flood risk & insurance in England & Wales: are there lessons to be learned from Scotland? Technical Papers 1 Benfield Greig Hazard Research Centre, 193 pp.
Darsh, G. (2006), The Impact of Climate Change on London’s Transport Systems, CIWEM Met Branch Conference 22 February 2006, ATKINS (available at www.ciwem.org/branches/metropolitan/ClimateChange_Met_3.pdf).
Dawson, R.J., Hall, J.W., Bates, P.D. and R.J. Nicholls, 2005. Quantified analysis of the probability of flooding in the Thames estuary under imaginable worst-case sea level rise scenarios. Water Resources Development 21 (4): 577-591.
Dawson, R.J., Ball, T., Werritty, J., Werritty, A., Hall, J.W. and N. Roche, 2011. Assessing the effectiveness of non-structural flood management measures in the Thames Estuary under conditions of socio-economic and environmental change. Global Environmental Change 21: 628–646.
Dawson, T.P., Jackson, S.T., House, J.I., Colin Prentice, I. and G. M. Mace, 2011. Beyond predictions: Biodiversity conservation in a changing climate. SCIENCE 332: 53-58.
De Leeuw, J., Methven, J. and M. Blackburn, 2016. Variability and trends in England and Wales precipitation. International Journal of Climatology 36: 2823–2836.
Della-Marta, P. M., Haylock, M.R., Luterbacher, J. and H. Wanner, 2007. Doubled length of western European summer heat waves since 1880. Journal of Geophysical Research Vol. 112 (11 pp), D15103, doi:10.1029/2007JD008510.
Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairsof the United Kingdom(Defra), 2008. Adapting to climate change in England. A framework for action.
Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairsof the United Kingdom (Defra), 2006. The UK’s Fourth National Communication under the United Nations Framework Convention On Climate Change, 132 pp.
Department of Energy and Climate Change of the United Kingdom, 2009. The UK’s Fifth National Communication under the United Nations Framework Convention On Climate Change, 153 pp.
Deutsche Bank Research, 2008. Climate change and tourism: Where will the journey lead? Energy and climate change Current Issues, 28 pp.
De Vries, H., Haarsma, R.J. and W. Hazeleger, 2012. Western European cold spells in current and future climate. Geophysical Research Letters 39, L04706, doi:10.1029/2011GL050665.
Dunn, M., Rounsevell, D.A., Boberg, F., Clarke, E., Christensen, J. and M.S. Madsen, 2019. The future potential for wine production in Scotland under high-end climate change. Regional Environmental Change 19: 723-732.
Eisenreich, 2005. Climate Change and the European Water Dimension. A report to the European Water Directors 2005. EU Report No. 21553.
Eldridge, J. and D.P. Horn, 2009. A case study of the Thames Gateway: Flood risk, planning policy and insurance loss potential. In: Samuels et al. (eds), Flood Risk Management: Research and Practice –Taylor & Francis Group, London: 1635–1642.
Entec Ltd and JBA Ltd, with contributions from Crichton, D. and J. Salt, 2000. Inland flooding risks. General Insurance Research Report No 10, Association of British Insurers, London.
Environment Agency, 2001. Lessons learned, Autumn 2000 floods. Environment Agency, Bristol.
Environment Agency, 2009. Flooding in England: A National Assessment of Flood Risk, 33pp.
Ericson, J.P., Vörösmarty, C.J., Dingman, S.L., Ward, L.G., and M. Meybeck, 2006. Effective sea-level rise and deltas: Causes of change and human dimension implications. Global and Planetary Change 50: 63–82.
European Commission (DG Environment), 2007. Water scarcity and droughts. Second interim report.
European Commission, 2008. Climate change and International security. Paper from the High Representative and the European Commission to the European Council. S113/08.
European Environment Agency (EEA), 2003. Mapping the impacts of recent natural disasters and technological accidents in Europe. Environmental Issues, Report No. 35, Copenhagen, Denmark, 48 pp.
European Environment Agency (EEA), 2005. Vulnerability and adaptation to climate change in Europe. Technical report No 7/2005.
European Environment Agency (EEA), 2009. Water resources across Europe – confronting water scarcity and drought. Technical report No 2/2009.
European Environment Agency (EEA), JRC and WHO, 2008. Impact of Europe’s changing climate – 2008 indicator-based assessment. EEA Report no 4/2008 – JRC Reference Report no. JRC47756.
European Wind Energy Association, 2011. Wind in power. 2010 European Statistics, 11 pp.
Evans, E., Ashley, R., Hall, J., Penning-Rowsell, E., Saul, A., Sayers, P., Thorne, C. and Watkinson, A., 2004. Foresight. Future Flooding. Scientific Summary: Volume I. Future risks and their drivers. Office of Science and Technology, London.
Farrar, J.F. and P. Vaze, 2000. Wales: changing climate, challenging choices. A Scoping study of climate change impacts in Wales. Report prepared for the National Assembly for Wales, 102 pp.
Feyen, L., Dankers, R., Bódis, K., Salamon, P. and J. Barredo, 2012. Fluvial flood risk in Europe in present and future climates. Climatic Change 112: 47–62.
Fischer, E.M. and C. Schär, 2009. European heat waves in a changing climate. Proceedings CAWCR Modelling Workshop 2009: modeling and understanding high impact weather. The Centre for Australian Weather and Climate Research.
Fischer, E.M., Rajczak, J. and C. Schär, 2012. Changes in European summer temperature variability revisited. Geophysical Research Letters 39, L19702, doi:10.1029/2012GL052730.
Fischer, G., Shah, M., Tubiello, F.N. and H. van Velhuizen, 2005. Socio-economic and climate change impacts on agriculture: an integrated assessment, 1990–2080. Philosophical Transactions: Biological Sciences Vol. 360 (1463): 2067-2083.
Fischlin (ed.), 2009. Future environmental impacts and vulnerabilities, in: Seppälä, R., Buck, A. and P. Katila (eds.), 2009. Adaptation of forests and people to climate change. A global assessment report. IUFRO World Series Volume 22, Helsinki, 224 pp.
Fitton, J.M., Hansom, J.D. and A.F. Rennie, 2018. A method for modeling coastal erosion risk: the example of Scotland. Natural Hazards 91: 931-961.
Foresight, 2004. Future Flooding Executive Summary. Office of Science and Technology, DTI London, 60 pp.
Fowler, H.J., and C.G. Kilsby, 2003a: Implications of changes in seasonal and annual extreme rainfall. Geophysical Research Letters30:1720, doi:10.1029/2003GL017327.
Fowler, H.J., and C.G. Kilsby, 2003b: A regional frequency analysis of United Kingdom extreme rainfall from 1961 to 2000. International Journal of Climatology 23: 1313–1334.
Frei, C., Schöll, R., Fukutome, S., Schmidli, J. and P. L. Vidale, 2006. Future change of precipitation extremes in Europe: Intercomparison of scenarios from regional climate models Journal of Geophysical Research 111, D06105, doi:10.1029/2005JD005965, 2006.
Gadian, A.M., Blyth, A.M., Bruyere, C.L., Burton, R.R., Done, J.M., Groves, J., Holland, G., Mobbs, S.D., Thielen-del Pozo, K., Tye, M.R. and J.L. Warner, 2018. A case study of possible future summer convective precipitation over the UK and Europe from a regional climate projection. International Journal of Climatology38: 2314-2324.
Gardiner, B., Blennow, K., Carnus, J.-M., Fleischer, P., Ingemarson, F., Landmann, G., Lindner, M., Marzano, M., Nicoll, B., Orazio, C., Peyron, J.-L., Reviron, M.-P., Schelhaas, M.-J., Schuck, A., Spielmann, M. and T. Usbeck, 2010. Destructive Storms in European Forests: Past and Forthcoming Impacts. Final report European Forest Institute to European Commission - DG Environment, 138 pp.
German Advisory Council on Global Change (2007), World in transition: Climate change as a security risk. Summary for policy-makers.German Advisory Council on Global Change, Berlin, 13 pp.
Golombek, R., Kittelsen, S.A.C. and I. Haddeland, 2012. Climate change: impacts on electricity markets in Western Europe. Climatic Change 113: 357–370.
Gottfried, M., Pauli, H., Futschik, A., Akhalkatsi, M., Barančok, P., Benito Alons, J.L., Coldea, G., Dick, J., Erschbamer, B., Fernández Calzado, M.R., Kazakis, G., Krajči, J., Larsson, P., Mallaun, M., Michelsen, O., Moiseev, D., Moiseev, P., Molau, U., Merzouki, A., Nagy, L., Nakhutsrishvili, G., Pedersen, B., Pelino, G., Puscas, M., Rossi, G., Stanisci, A., Theurillat, J.-P., Tomaselli, M., Villar, L., Vittoz, P., Vogiatzakis, I. and G. Grabherr, 2012. Continent-wide response of mountain vegetation to climate change. Nature Climate Change 2: 111-115.
Gouldby, B., Sayers, P., Mulet-Marti , J., Hassan, M.A.A.M. and D. Benwell, 2008. A methodology for regional-scale flood risk assessment. Proceedings of the ICE – Water Management 161 (3): 169 –182.
Greater London Authority, 2005. London under threat? Flooding risk in the Thames Gateway, 29 pp.
Greater London Authority, 2010. The draft climate change adaptation strategy for London, 236 pp.
Haarsma, R. J., Hazeleger, W., Severijns, C., de Vries, H., Sterl, A. Bintanja, R., van Oldenborgh, G.J. and H. W. van den Brink, 2013. More hurricanes to hit Western Europe due to global warming. Geophysical Research Letters 40: 1783–1788.
Hajat, S., Ebi, K.L., Kovats, S., Menne, B., Edwards, S. and A. Haines, 2003. The human health consequences of flooding in Europe and the implications for public health: a review of the evidence. Applied Environmental Science and Public Health 1.
Hajat, S., 2006. Heat- and cold-related deaths in England and Wales: who is at risk? Occupational and Environmental Medicine 64: 93-100.
Hall, J.W., Evans, E.P., Penning-Rowsell, E.C., Sayers, P.B., Thorne, C.R. and A.J. Saul, 2003. Quantified scenarios analysis of drivers and impacts of changing flood risk in England and Wales: 2030–2100. Environmental Hazards 5: 51–65.
Hall, J., Reeder, T., Fu, G., Nicholls, R.J., Wicks, J., Lawry, J., Dawson, R.J. and D. Parker, 2005. Tidal flood risk in London under stabilisation scenarios. Extended Abstract, Symposium on Avoiding Dangerous Climate Change, Exeter, 1-3 February 2005, 4 pp. [Accessed 23.02.10: http://www.uni-hamburg.de/Wiss/FB/15/Sustainability/annex15.pdf]
Hall, J.W., Sayers, P.B. and R.J. Dawson, 2005. National-scale assessment of current and future flood risk in England and Wales. Natural Hazards 36: 147-164.
Hall, J.W., Sayers, P.B., Walkden, M.J.A. and M. Panzeri, 2006. Impacts of climate change on coastal flood risk in England and Wales: 2030–2100. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. A15 April 2006 vol. 364 (no. 1841): 1027-1049.
Harkness, C., Semenov, M.A., Areal, F., Senapati, N., Trnka, M., Balek, J. and J. Bishop, 2020. Adverse weather conditions for UK wheat production under climate change. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 282-283, 107862.
Harrison, P.A., Berry, P.M., Butt, N. and M. New, 2006: Modelling climate change impacts on species’ distributions at the European scale: implications for conservation policy. Environmental Science & Policy 9: 116-128.
Harrison, S.J., Winterbottom, S.J. and R.C. Johnson, 2005. Changing snow cover and winter tourism and recreation in the Scottish Highlands. Tourism, Recreation and Climate Change, M. Hall and J. Higham, Eds., Channelview Press, London: 143-154.
Hinkel, J., Nicholls, R.J., Vafeidis, A.T., Tol, R.S.J. and T. Avagianou, 2010. Assessing risk of and adaptation to sea-level rise in the European Union: an application of DIVA. Mitig Adapt Strateg Glob Change 15: 703–719.
Hiscock, K. and Y. Tanaka, 2006. Potential impacts of climate change on groundwater resources from the High Plains of the US to the flatlands of the UK. National Hydrology Seminar 2006: 19-26.
Hochrainer, S., Linnerooth-Bayer, J. and R. Mechler, 2010. The European Union Solidarity Fund. Its legitimacy, viability and efficiency. Mitig Adapt Strateg Glob Change 15: 797–810.
Hoegh-Guldberg, O. and J. F. Bruno, 2010. The impact of climate change on the world's marine ecosystems. Science 328: 1523-1528.
Holman, I.P., Loveland, P.J., Nicholls, R.J., Shackley, S., Berry, P.M., Rounsevell, M.D.A., Audsley, E., Harrison, P.A. & Wood, R., 2002. REGIS - Regional Climate Change Impact Response Studies in East Anglia and North West England. Summary, 360 pp.
Holman, I.P., Berry, P.M., Mokrech, M., Richards, J.A., Audsley, E., Harrison, P.A., Rounsevell, M.D.A., Nicholls, R.J., Shackley, S. and C. Henriques, 2007. Simulating the effects of future climate and socio-economic change in East Anglia and North West England: the RegIS2 project. Summary Report. UKCIP, Oxford, 22 pp.
Howard, A.J., 2013. Managing global heritage in the face of future climate change: the importance of understanding geological and geomorphological processes and hazards. International Journal of Heritage Studies 19(7): 632-658.
Hunt, J. C. R., 2005. Inland and coastal flooding: developments in prediction and prevention. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A. 363: 1475-1491.
Hunt, A.S.P., Wilby, R.L., Dale, N., Sura, K. and P. Watkiss, 2014. Embodied water imports to the UK under climate change. Climate Research 59: 89–101.
Hunter, P.R., 2003. Climate change and waterborne and vector-borne disease. Journal of Applied Microbiology 94: 37S–46S.
Huntingford, C., R.G. Jones, C. Prudhomme, R. Lamb, J.H.C. Gash and D.A. Jones, 2003. Regional climate-model predictions of extreme rainfall for a changing climate. Quaterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 129: 1607–1621.
Huntingford, C., Marsh, T., Scaife, A.A., Kendon, E.J., Hannaford, J., Kay, A.L., Lockwood, M., Prudhomme, C., Reynard, N.S., Parry, S., Lowe, J.A., Screen, J.A., Ward, H.C., Roberts, M., Stott, P.A., Bell, V.A., Bailey, M., Jenkins, A., Legg, T., Otto, F.E.L., Massey, N., Schaller, N., Slingo, J. and M.R. Allen, 2014. Potential influences on the United Kingdom’s floods of winter 2013/14. Nature Climate Change 4: 769-777.
Huppop, O. and K. Huppop, 2003. North Atlantic Oscillation and timing of spring migration in birds. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B Biological Sciences 270: 233-240.
ICF International and RPA, 2007. Potential costs of adaptation to climate change for the water industry. Report for the Environment Agency.
Innes, J. (ed.), 2009. Management for adaptation, in: Seppälä, R., Buck, A. and P. Katila (eds.), 2009. Adaptation of forests and people to climate change. A global assessment report. IUFRO World Series Volume 22, Helsinki, 224 pp.
IPCC, 2000. Special report on emissions scenarios: a special report of Working Group III of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, N. Nakicenovic and R. Swart (eds), Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
IPCC, 2007. Climate Change 2007: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, M.L. Parry, O.F. Canziani, J.P. Palutikof, P.J. van der Linden and C.E. Hanson, Eds., Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 976pp.
IPCC, 2012. Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation. A Special Report of Working Groups I and II of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Field, C.B., V. Barros, T.F. Stocker, D. Qin, D.J. Dokken, K.L. Ebi, M.D. Mastrandrea, K.J. Mach, G.-K. Plattner, S.K. Allen, M. Tignor, and P.M. Midgley (eds.)]. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, and New York, NY, USA, 582 pp.
IPCC, 2014. Climate Chang 2014: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability. Part A: Global and Sectoral Aspects. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (United Kingdom) and New York (USA), 1131 pp.
Jenkins, G. J., Murphy, J. M., Sexton, D. M. H., Lowe, J. A., Jones, P. and C.G. Kilsby, 2009. UK Climate Projections: Briefing report. Met Office Hadley Centre, Exeter, UK, 56 pp.
Jenkins, K., Hall, J., Glenis, V., Kilsby, C., McCarthy, M., Goodess, C., Smith, D., Malleson, N. and M. Birkin, 2014. Probabilistic spatial risk assessment of heat impacts and adaptations for London. Climatic Change 124: 105–117.
Johnson, H., Kovats, R.S., McGregor, G., Stedman, J., Gibbs, M. and H. Walton, 2005. The impact of the 2003 heat wave on daily mortality in England and Wales and the use of rapid weekly mortality estimates. Euro Surveillance 10 (7): 161-165.
Jones, A.E., Turner, J., Caminade, C., Heath, A.E., Wardeh, M., Kluiters, G., Diggle, P.J., Morse, A.P. and M. Baylis, 2019. Bluetongue risk under future climates. Nature Climate Change 9: 153-157.
Kay, A.L. and S.M. Crooks, 2014. An investigation of the effect of transient climate change on snowmelt, flood frequency and timing in northern Britain. International Journal of Climatology 34: 3368–3381.
Kay, G., Dunstone, N., Smith, D., Dunbar, T., Eade, R. and A. Scaife, 2020. Current likelihood and dynamics of hot summers in the UK. Environmental Research Letters 15, 094099.
Kellomäki, S., Karjalainen, T., Mohren, F. and T. Lapveteläinen (eds.), 2000. Expert assessments of the likely impacts of climate change on forests and forestry in Europe. European Forest Institute EFI Proceedings No. 34, 120 pp.
Kendon, E.J., Roberts, N.M., Fowler, H.J., Roberts, M.J., Chan, S.C. and C.A. Senior, 2014. Heavier summer downpours with climate change revealed by weather forecast resolution model. Nature Climate Change 4: 570-576.
Kerr, A., Shackley, S., Milne, R. and S. Allen, 1999. Climate change: Scottish implications scoping study. The Scottish Executive Central Research Unit, 75 pp.
Kersey, J., Wilby, R., Fleming, P. and S. Shackley, 2000. The Potential Impacts of Climate Change in the East Midlands. Technical Report East Midlands Sustainable Development Round Table, 206 pp.
Keskitalo, E.C.H., Vulturius, G. and P. Scholten, 2014. Adaptation to climate change in the insurance sector: examples from the UK, Germany and the Netherlands. Natural Hazards 71: 315–334.
Kirilenko, A.P. and R.A. Sedjo, 2007.Climate change impacts on forestry. PNAS vol. 104, no. 50: 19697–19702.
Kjellström, E., 2004: Recent and Future Signatures of Climate Change in Europa. Ambio, 33, 193-198.
Klein Tank, A.M.G. and G.P. Können, 2003. Trends in indices of daily temperature and precipitation extremes in Europe, 1946–1999. Journal of Climatology 16: 3665–3680.
Kovats, S. (ed.), 2008. Health Effects of Climate Change in the UK 2008. An update of the Department of Health report 2001/2002. Department of Health, London, 114 pp.
Krüger, E., Drach, P., Emmanuel, R. and O. Corbella, 2013. Urban heat island and differences in outdoor comfort levels in Glasgow, UK. Theoretical and Applied Climatology 112: 127–141.
Kundzewicz, 2006. Climate change and floods. Bulletin, the Journal of the World Meteorological Organization July 2006.
Kuusisto, K., 2004. The influence of climate change to European lakes, with a special emphasis in the Balkan Region. BALWOIS 2004, Ohrid, FY Republic of Macedonia, 25-29 May 2004, 5 pp.
Land Use Consultants, CAG Consultants and SQW Limited, 2003a. Living with Climate Change in the East of England. Stage 1 Report: Guidance on Spatial Issues. Technical Report prepared for Hertfordshire County Council on behalf of the East of England Regional Assembly and East of England Sustainable Development Roundtable, 157 pp.
Land Use Consultants, CAG Consultants and SQW Limited, 2003b. Living with Climate Change in the East of England. Stage 2: Draft Guidance for Local Service Provision. Technical Report prepared for Hertfordshire County Council on behalf of the East of England Regional Assembly and East of England Sustainable Development Roundtable, 241 pp.
Lavery, S. and B. Donovan, 2005. Flood risk management in the Thames Estuary looking ahead 100 years. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A. 363: 1455-1474.
Lemoine, N. and K. Bohning-Gaese, 2003. Potential impact of global climate change on species richness of long-distance migrants. Conservation Biology 17: 577-586.
Li, P., Holden, J. and .B. Irvine, 2016. Prediction of blanket peat erosion across Great Britain under environmental change. Climatic Change 134: 177–191.
Lindgren, E., Andersson, Y., Suk, J.E., Sudre, B. and J. C. Semenza, 2012. Monitoring EU emerging infectious disease risk due to climate change. Science 336: 418-419.
London Climate Change Partnership. 2002. London’s Warming: The Impacts of Climate Change on London: Technical Report. Greater London Authority, London, 293 pp.
London Climate Change Partnership. 2006. Adapting to Climate Change: Lessons for London. Greater London Authority, London.
Lowe, J. A. and J.M. Gregory, 2005. The effects of climate change on storm surges around the United Kingdom. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A. 363: 1313-1328.
Mangi, S.C., Lee, J., Pinnegar, J.K., Law, R.J., Tyllianakis, E. and S.N.R. Birchenough, 2018. he economic impacts of ocean acidification on shellfish fisheries and aquaculture in the United Kingdom. Environmental Science and Policy 86: 95-105.
Markham, A., Osipova, E., Lafrenz Samuels, K. and Caldas, A. 2016. World Heritage and Tourism in a Changing Climate. United Nations Environment Programme, Nairobi, Kenya and United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, Paris, France.
Massimino, D., Johnston, A., Gillings, S., Jiguet, F. and J.W. Pearce-Higgins, 2017. Projected reductions in climatic suitability for vulnerable British birds. Climatic Change 145: 117-130.
May, W., Ganske, A., Leckebusch, G.C., Rockel, B., Tinz, B. and U. Ulbrich, 2016. Projected Change – Atmosphere. In: Quante, M. and F. Colijn (eds). North Sea Region climate change assessment NOSCCA. Regional Climate Studies, Springer Nature, 149-173.
McCarthy, M.P., Harpham, C., Goodess, C.M. and P. D. Jones, 2011. Simulating climate change in UK cities using a regional climate model, HadRM3. International Journal of Climatology 32: 1875–1888.
McCarthy, M., Christidis, N., Dunstone, N., Fereday, D., Kay, G., Klein-Tank, A., Lowe, J., Petch, J., Scaife, A. and P. Stott, 2019. Drivers of the UK summer heatwave of 2018. Weather 74 (11): 390-396.
McColl, L., Palin, E.J., Thornton, H.E., Sexton, D.M.H., Betts, R. and K. Mylne, 2012. Assessing the potential impact of climate change on the UK’s electricity network. Climatic Change 115: 821–835.
McRobie, A., Spencer, T. and H. Gerritsen, 2005. The Big Flood: North Sea storm surge.Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A. 363: 1263-1270.
Mediero, L., Santillán, D., Garrote, L. and A. Granados, 2014. Detection and attribution of trends in magnitude, frequency and timing of floods in Spain. Journal of Hydrology 517: 1072–1088.
Meehl, G.A. and C. Tebaldi, 2004. More Intense, More Frequent, and Longer Lasting Heat Waves in the 21st Century. Science Vol. 305 (no. 5686): 994 – 997.
Menzel, A., Sparks, T.H., Estrella, N., Koch, E., Aas, A., Aha, R., Alm-Ku, K., Bissolli, P., Braslavská, O., Briede, A., Chmielewski, F.M., Crepinsek, Z., Curnel, Y., Dahl, Å., Defila, C., Donnelly, A., Filella, Y., Jatczak, K., Måge, F., Mestre, A., Nordli, Ø., Peñuelas, J., Pirinen, P., Remišová, V., Scheifinger, H., Striz, M., Susnik, A., Van Vliet, A.J.H., Wielgolaski, F.-E., Zach, S. and A. Zust, 2006. European phenological response to climate change matches the warming pattern. Global Change Biology 12: 1969–1976.
Met Office, 2011. Climate: observations, projections and impact. United Kingdom. 147 pp.
Mills, E., Roth, R.J. Jr. and E. Lecomte, 2005. Availability and affordability of insurance under climate change. A growing challenge for the U.S. Report commissioned by Ceres, 40 pp.
Milne, J., 2002. Public Policy Issues. Post Magazine Conference on Climate change and insurance perspective, October 2002, London.
Mitchell, D., Heaviside, C., Vardoulakis, S., Huntingford, C., Masato, G., Guillod, B.P., Frumhoff, P., Bowery, A., Wallom, D. and M. Allen, 2016. Attributing human mortality during extreme heat waves to anthropogenic climate change. Environmental Research Letters 11, doi:10.1088/1748-9326/11/7/074006.
Muir Wood, R., Drayton, M., Berger, A. & Burgess, P. 2005 Catastrophe loss modelling of storm surge flood risk in eastern England. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A. 363: 1407-1422.
Mullan, D., Fealy, R. and D. Favis-Mortlock, 2012. Developing site-specific future temperature scenarios for Northern Ireland: addressing key issues employing a statistical downscaling approach. International Journal of Climatology 32: 2007–2019.
National Grid Electricity Transmission plc , 2010. Climate Change Adaptation Report, 72 pp.
NHS, 2008. Heatwave Plan for England: Protecting Health and Reducing Harm from Extreme Heat and Heatwaves. Department of Health, London.
Nicolas, D., Chaalali, A., Drouineau, H., Lobry, J., Uriarte, A., Borja, A. and P. Boët, 2011. Impact of global warming on European tidal estuaries: some evidence of northward migration of estuarine fish species. Regional Environmental Change 11: 639–649.
Nicholls, N. and L. Alexander, 2007. Has the climate become more variable or extreme? Progress 1992–2006. Progress in Physical Geography 31(1): 77–87.
Niemeyer, H.D., Beaufort, G., Mayerle, R., Monbaliu, J., Townend, I., Toxvig Madsen, H., De Vriend, H. and A. Wurpts, 2016. Socio-economic Impacts - Coastal Protection. In: Quante, M. and F. Colijn (eds). North Sea Region climate change assessment NOSCCA. Regional Climate Studies, Springer Nature, 457-474.
Northern Ireland Environment Agency (2009?). The impacts of climate change on the built heritage of Northern Ireland, 14 pp.
Osman-Elasha, B. and J. Parrotta, 2009 (eds).Future socio-economic impacts and vulnerabilities, in: Seppälä, R., Buck, A. and P. Katila (eds.), 2009. Adaptation of forests and people to climate change. A global assessment report. IUFRO World Series Volume 22, Helsinki, 224 pp.
Otto, F.E.L., Rosier, S.M., Allen, M.R., Massey, N.R., Rye, C.J. and J. Imbers Quintana, 2015. Attribution analysis of high precipitation events in summer in England and Wales over the last decade. Climatic Change 132: 77–91.
Palin, E.J., Thornton, H.E., Mathison, C.T., McCarthy, R.E., Clark, R.T. and J. Dora, 2013. Future projections of temperature-related climate change impacts on the railway network of Great Britain. Climatic Change (2013) 120:71–93.
Penning-Rowsell, E.C., Haigh, N., Lavery, S. and L. McFadden, 2013. A threatened world city: the benefits of protecting London from the sea. Natural Hazards 66: 1383–1404.
Pinnegar, J.K., Engelhard, G.H., Jones, M.C., Cheung, W.W.L., Peck, M.A., Rijnsdorp, A.D. and K.M. Brander, 2016. Socio-economic Impacts - Fisheries. In: Quante, M. and F. Colijn (eds). North Sea Region climate change assessment NOSCCA. Regional Climate Studies, Springer Nature, 375-395.
Pitt Review Team, 2008. Learning lessons from the 2007 floods.
Pounds, J.A., Bustamante, M.R., Coloma, L.A., Consuegra, J.A., Fogden, M.P.L., Foster, P.N., La Marca, E., Masters, K.L., Merino-Viteri, A., Puschendorf, R., Ron, S.R., Sánchez-Azofeifa, G.A., Still, C.J. and B. E. Young, 2006. Widespread amphibian extinctions from epidemic disease driven by global warming. Nature 439: 161-167.
Reeder, T. and O. Tarrant, 2007. Future flood risk management in London and along the tidal Thames. Issues in Risk Science 07, Benfield UCL Hazard Research Centre.
Richter, G.M. and M.A. Semenov, 2005.Modeling impacts of climate change on wheat yields in England and Wales: assessing drought risks. Agricultural Systems Vol. 84 (1): 77-97.
Ritchie, P.D.L., Harper, A.B., Smith, G.S., Kahana, R., Kendon, E.J., Lewis, H., Fezzi, C., Halleck-Vega. S., Boulton, C.A., Bateman, I.J. and T.M. Lenton, 2019. Large changes in Great Britain’s vegetation and agricultural land-use predicted under unmitigated climate change. Environmental Research Letters 14, 114012.
Roberts, G. (ed.), 2009. Current adaptation measures and policies, in: Seppälä, R., Buck, A. and P. Katila (eds.), 2009. Adaptation of forests and people to climate change. A global assessment report. IUFRO World Series Volume 22, Helsinki, 224 pp.
Rosen, J., 2017. How an ocean climate cycle favored Harvey. Science Vol 357 (Issue 6354): 853-854.
Rounsevell, M.D.A., Ewert, F., Reginster, I., Leemans, R. and T.R. Carter, 2005. Future scenarios of European agricultural land use: II. Projecting changes in cropland and grassland. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 107 (2-3): 117-135.
Rudd, A.C., Kay, A.L. and V.A. Bell, 2019. National-scale analysis of future river flow and soil moisture droughts: potential changes in drought characteristics. Climatic Change 156: 323-340.
Salman, A., S. Lombardo and P. Doody, 2004. Living with coastal erosion in Europe: sediment and space for sustainability. Part I - Major findings and policy recommendations of the EUROSION project. Service contract B4-3301/2001/329175/MAR/B3.
Sanderson, M. G., Wiltshire, A.J. and R. A. Betts, 2012. Projected changes in water availability in the United Kingdom, Water Resources Research48, W08512, doi:10.1029/2012WR011881.
Sanderson, M.G., Hand, W.H., Groenemeijer, P., Boorman, P.M., Webb, J.D.C. and L.J. McColl, 2015. Projected changes in hailstorms during the 21st century over the UK. International Journal of Climatology 35: 15–24.
Schaller, N., Kay, A.L., Lamb, R., Massey, N.R., Van Oldenborgh, G.J., Otto, F.E.L., Sparrow, S.N., Vautard, R., Yiou, P., Ashpole, I., Bowery, A., Crooks, S.M., Haustein, K., Huntingford, C., Ingram, W.J., Jones, R.G., Legg, T., Miller, R., Skeggs, J., Wallom, D., Weisheimer, A., Wilson, S., Stott, P.A. and M.R. Allen, 2016. Human influence on climate in the 2014 southern England winter floods and their impacts. Nature Climate Change 6: 627-634.
Schelhaas, M.-J., Hengeveld, G., Moriondo, M., Reinds, G.J., Kundzewicz, Z.W., Ter Maat, H. and M. Bindi, 2010. Assessing risk and adaptation options to fires and windstorms in European forestry. Mitig Adapt Strateg Glob Change 15: 681–701.
Schrum, C., Lowe, J., Markus Meier, H.E., Grabemann, I., Holt, J., Mathis, M., Pohlmann, T., Skogen, M.D., Sterl, A. and S. Wakelin. Projected Change - North Sea. In: Quante, M. and F. Colijn (eds). North Sea Region climate change assessment NOSCCA. Regional Climate Studies, Springer Nature, 175-217.
Scotland and Northern Ireland Forum For Environmental Research SNIFFER, 2007. Preparing for a changing climate in Northern Ireland.
Scottish Executive, 2002. Improving Building Standards: Proposals. Scottish Executive, Edinburg (available from www.scotland.gov.uk).
Semenza J.C. and B. Menne, 2009. Climate Change and Infectious Diseases in Europe. Lancet ID 9:365-375.
Sibley, A.M., 2019. Wildfire outbreaks across the United Kingdom during summer 2018. Weather 74 (11): 397-402.
Staddon, P.L., Montgomery, H.E. and M.H. Depledge, 2014. Climate warming will not decrease winter mortality. Nature Climate Change 4: 190-194.
Stebbing, A.R.D., Turk, S.MT., Wheeler, A. and K.R. Clarke, 2002. Immigration of Southern Fish Species to South-West England Linked to Warming of the North Atlantic (1960-2001). Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the UK 82: 177-180.
Stendel, M., Van den Besselaar, E., Hannachi, A., Kent, E.C., Lefebvre, C., Schenk, F., Van der Schrier, G. and T. Woollings, 2016. Recent Change – Atmosphere. In: Quante, M. and F. Colijn (eds). North Sea Region climate change assessment NOSCCA. Regional Climate Studies, Springer Nature, 55-84.
Stephenson, V. and D. D’Ayala, 2014. A new approach to flood vulnerability assessment for historic buildings in England. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences 14: 1035–1048.
Stock, M., Badeck, F., Gerstengarbe, F.-W. and T.K.C. Werner, 2004. Weinbau und Klima – eine Beziehung wechselseitiger Variabilität. Terra Nostra 2003/6: 6. Deutsche Klimatagung: 422-426.
Straile, D. and N.C. Stenseth, 2007. The North Atlantic Oscillation and ecology: links between historical time-series, and lessons regarding future climate warming. Climate Research 34: 259-262.
Surminski, S., Aerts, J.C.J. H., Botzen, W.J.W., Hudson, P., Mysiak, J. and C.D. Pérez-Blanco, 2015. Reflections on the current debate on how to link flood insurance and disaster risk reduction in the European Union. Natural Hazards 79: 1451–1479.
Tamer, R., El Tahir, S., Alireza, T., Sanchez Martinez, G., Ferl, K. and Nicola Cenacchi, 2008. The Health Dimension of Climate Change. Background paper prepared for World Bank report. Washington, DC, 97 pp.
Taylor, R.G., Scanlon, B., Döll, P., Rodell, M., Van Beek, R., Wada, Y., Longuevergne, L., Leblanc, M., Famiglietti, J.S., Edmunds, M., Konikow, L., Green, T.R., Chen, J., Taniguchi, M., Bierkens, M.F.P., MacDonald, A., Fan, Y., Maxwell, R.M., Yechieli, Y., Gurdak, J.J., Allen, D.M., Shamsudduha, M., Hiscock, K., Yeh, P. J.-F., Holman, I. and H. Treidel, 2012.Ground water and climate change. Nature Climate Change.Published Online: 25 November 2012 | DOI: 10.1038/NCLIMATE1744.
Ten Brinke, W.B.M., Saeijs, G.E.M., Helsloot, I. and J. van Alphen, 2008. Safety chain approach in flood risk management. Municipal Engineer 161: 93-102.
Ten Brinke, W.B.M, Kolen, B., Dollee, A., Van Waveren, H. and K. Wouters, 2010. Contingency planning for large-scale floods in the Netherlands. Journal on Contingencies and Crisis management 18 (1): 55-69.
Thackeray, S.J. et al., 2010. Trophic level asynchrony in rates of phenological change for marine, freshwater and terrestrial environments. Global Change Biology (2010), doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2010.02165.x, 9 pp.
Thomas, C.D., Cameron, A., Green, R.E., Bakkenes, M., Beaumont, L.J., Collingham, Y.C., Erasmus, B.F.N., Ferreira de Siqueira, M., Grainger, A., Hannah, L., Hughes, L., Huntley, B., Van Jaarsveld, A.S., Midgley, G.F., Miles, L., Ortega-Huerta, M.A., Peterson, A.T., Phillips, O.L. and S. E. Williams, 2004. Extinction risk from climate change. Nature 427: 145-148.
Thuiller, W., Lavorel, S., Araujo, M.B., Sykes, M.T. and I.C. Prentice, 2005. Climate change threats to plant diversity in Europe. Proceedings National Academy of Sciences USA 102: 8245- 8250.
Tsimplis, M. N., Woolf, D.K., Osborn, T.J., Wakelin, S., Wolf, J., Flather, R., Shaw, A.G.P., Woodworth, P., Challenor, P. Blackman, D., Pert, F., Yan, Z. and S. Jevrejeva,2005. Towards a vulnerability assessment of the UK and northern European coasts: the role of regional climate variability. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A. 363: 1329-1358.
Tunstall, S.M., Johnson, C.L. and E.C. Penning Rowsell, 2004. Flood hazard management in England and Wales: from land drainage to flood risk management. Conference paper from the World Congress on Natural Disaster Mitigation 19–21 February, New Delhi, India.
UNDP, 2009. Climate change in Moldova. Socio-economic impact and policy options for adaptation. National Human Development Report 2009/2010: 224 pp.
UNECE, 2020. Climate change impacts and adaptation for transport networks and nodes. Peport ECE/TRANS/283, 199 pp.
UNWTO, UNEP and WHO, 2008. Climate change and tourism. Responding to global challenges. Summary, 24 pp.
Vicente‐Serrano, S. M. et al., 2019. Climate, irrigation, and land cover change explain streamflow trends in countries bordering the Northeast Atlantic. Geophysical Research Letters 46, doi.org/10.1029/2019GL084084.
Vousdoukas, M.I., Voukouvalas, E., Annunziato, A., Giardino, A. and L. Feyen, 2016. Projections of extreme storm surge levels along Europe. Climate Dynamics 47: 3171 - 3190.
Ward, R.E.T., Herweijer, C., Patmore, N. And R. Muir-Wood, 2008. The role of insurers in promoting adaptation to the impacts of climate change. The Geneva Papers (33): 133–139.
Water UK, 2008. Adaptation to climate change. Water UK briefing December 2008.
Watson, C.S., White, N.J., Church, J.A., King, M.A., Burgette, R.J. and B. Legresy, 2015. Unabated global mean sea-level rise over the satellite altimeter era. Nature Climate Change 5: 565-569.
West, C. and M. Gawith, 2005. Measuring Progress. Preparing for climate change through the UK Climate Impacts Programme. UKCIP Technical Report, 71 pp.
WHO, 2008. Protecting health in Europe from climate change, 51 pp.
Willis, K.J. and S.A. Bhagwat, 2009. Biodiversity and climate change. Science 326: 806 – 807.
Woth, K., 2005. North Sea storm surge statistics based on projections in a warmer climate: How important are the driving GCM and the chosen emission scenario? Geophysical Research Letters 32, L22708, doi:10.1029/2005GL023762.
WWF, 2006. Stormy Europe. The power sector and extreme weather.
Yi, S., Sun, W., Heki, K. and A. Qian, 2015. An increase in the rate of global mean sea level rise since 2010. Geophysical Research Letters 42: 3998-4006.