Avalanches and Landslides Germany
Vulnerabilities - Germany
In the Alps there will be an increase in mudslides, rock falls and soil erosion if intense rainfall and storms become more common. Here regional policy must take precautions to keep high-risk areas free from building and traffic (1).
Adaptation strategies - AdaptAlp
According to AdaptAlp, a project of the six Alpine countries on natural hazards in the Alpine region, the ten most significant actions required at this time to prepare for the risks caused by global warming in the Alps are (2):
- Improve public preparedness and personal responsibility by encouraging participation in emergency planning. To properly inform the public, risk management plans must address both emergency preparedness and early warning systems.
- Incorporate climate change adaptation into spatial planning. A few examples to create a sustainable regional development that is less vulnerable to natural hazards are: financial incentives, establishing hazard zones, setting appropriate construction standards of buildings and infrastructure in risk areas, keeping endangered spaces free of development, and performing hazard assessments through the use of hazard mapping.
- Involve local stakeholders in a risk dialogue. The dialogue includes meetings between important stakeholders, such as land and real estate owners, as well as those responsible for infrastructure and the public sector.
- Encourage cross-border networking on integrated risk management.
- Encourage a ‘common language’ and harmonised procedures when developing and using hazard maps.
- Increase the size of flood plains, floodwater conduits and basins. Governments need to consider multiple uses of the same land and consider strict legal binding instruments that ensure a priority for flood retention areas is given.
- Think of flood risk management in terms of an entire river basin to find solutions that are sustainable. Horizontal and vertical cooperation between all levels of government and the private sector are essential.
- When planning for natural hazard risks consider all the environmental risks within a defined area. Natural hazards—floods, droughts, landslides—generate risks that are interrelated and so should be addressed jointly.
- Use risk-management tools to explore the social and economic consequences of various adaptation measures. Risk planning tools allow for the integration of a wide range of strategies that reduce the risks of natural hazards, including spatial planning instruments, technical protection structures, specific protection measures for individual buildings and early-warning systems.
- Support the collection and interpretation of local climate change data.
The references below are cited in full in a separate map 'References'. Please click here if you are looking for the full references for Germany.
- Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (2009)