Albania Albania Albania Albania

Previously in ClimateChangePost


Anthropogenic climate change will likely alter ecosystems in the Mediterranean this century in a way that is without precedent during the past 10,000 years.

The Albanian government has launched its National Adaptation Plan (NAP) to prepare for the impacts of climate change.

Across the Balkan Peninsula and Turkey climate change is particularly rapid, and especially summer temperatures are expected to increase strongly.

The likely effects of climate change on the water resources of Albania have been investigated for 2040–2069 and 2070–2099 compared with 1961–1990 ...


I recommend

National plans/strategies for Albania

  • The First National Communication of the Republic of Albania to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). Download.

Reports/papers that focus on important Albanian topics

  • Energy (hydropower): Worldbank (2009). An assessment of climate change vulnerability, risk, and adaptation in Albania’s energy sector. Download.

Reports/papers that present a sound overview for Europe

  • Eisenreich (2005). Climate change and the European water dimension. A report to the European water directors.
  • European Environment Agency (2005). Vulnerability and adaptation to climate change in Europe. Download.
  • European Environment Agency, JRC and WHO (2008). Impact of Europe’s changing climate – 2008 indicator-based assessment. Download.

Reports/papers that focus on specific topics, relevant for all of Europe

  • Agriculture: Rounsevell et al. (2005). Future scenarios of European agricultural land use II. Projecting changes in cropland and grassland. Download.
  • Agriculture: Fischer et al. (2005). Socio-economic and climate change impacts on agriculture: an integrated assessment, 1990–2080. Download.
  • Biodiversity: Thuiller et al. (2005). Climate change threats to plant diversity in Europe. Download.
  • Coastal erosion: Salman et al. (2004). Living with coastal erosion in Europe: sediment and space for sustainability. Download.
  • Droughts: Blenkinsop and Fowler (2007). Changes in European drought characteristics projected by the PRUDENCE regional climate models. Download.
  • Droughts: European Environment Agency (2009). Water resources across Europe – confronting water scarcity and drought. Download.
  • Forestry: Seppälä et al. (2009). Adaptation of forests and people to climate change. A global assessment report. Download.
  • Health: Kosatsky (2005). The 2003 European heat waves. Download.
  • Health: WHO (2008). Protecting health in Europe from climate change. Download.
  • Insurance and Business: Mills et al. (2005). Availability and affordability of insurance under climate change. A growing challenge for the U.S. Download.
  • Security and Crisis management: German Advisory Council on Global Change (2007). World in transition: Climate change as a security risk. Summary for policy-makers. Download.
  • Storms: Gardiner et al. (2010). Destructive storms in European forests: Past and forthcoming impacts. Download.
  • Storms: Pinto et al. (2007). Changing European storm loss potentials under modified climate conditions according to ensemble simulations of the ECHAM5/MPI-OM1 GCM. Download.
  • Tourism: Deutsche Bank Research (2008). Climate change and tourism: Where will the journey lead? Download.

Weblogs in English and Albanian

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Weblogs in Albanian

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EU funded Research Projects

Tourism Albania


Like other Mediterranean countries, the services sector, especially tourism, will be the most important economic sector in Albania during the next half of this century in the whole coastal area, involving employment, as well as income generation (1).

Coastal tourism is expected to suffer from sea level rise. New beaches can be created (in a natural way), but building a new tourism infrastructure would require huge investments. On the other hand, considering the increase in temperature from 2.8 to 4.1°C during summer time a general inclination of tourism, towards the mountains or the lakes, instead of the beaches is expected. The coastal tourism would be more preferable by the end of spring and beginning of fall (1).

Adaptation strategies

The primary conditions to be met for the development of Albania in general and tourist activities in particular, are:

  • The provision of new potable water supply resources and the construction of new water supply, filtration and distribution systems;
  • The provision of new power supply resources and the rearrangement of the appropriate distribution system;
  • The construction of new sewage systems for both households and industry, as well as new processing units for all the urban waste;
  • The rehabilitation of several road segments, and the construction of new roads, compatible with international quality standards, with high embankments so as to handle the rise of the sea level.


The references below are cited in full in a separate map 'References'. Please click here if you are looking for the full references for Albania.

  1. Republic of Albania, Ministry of Environment (2002)