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Security and crisis management »

Vulnerabilities of Europe’s economy to global water scarcity and drought

Vienna, 26th April 2017 – Press Release. New report on the impacts of increasing water scarcity and drought globally on the European Union’s (EU) economy.

River floods »

Whether high or low flows of large rivers increase or decrease varies from one region to another

The world’s largest rivers are not equally sensitive to climate change. The Rhine, for instance, is not that sensitive to climate change, according to a recent assessment of extreme flows.

Coastal erosion and coastal floods »

Climate change impacts on dune erosion along the Dutch coast

The Dutch coast is eroding. A recent study shows that the volume of eroded dune sand increases linearly with sea level rise by little over 20 % per meter sea level rise.

Forest fires »

Changing wildfire regimes in Mediterranean Europe: human activities versus climate change

Higher temperatures and more droughts not necessarily increase the number and intensity of wildfires. The combination of climate and human effects makes predictions of future fires highly challenging.

Transport, infrastructure and building »

Extreme weather impacts on critical infrastructure

A conference on the impact of extreme weather on critical infrastructure was organized at Deltares (the Netherlands) on March 23 2017. Final results were presented of the European INTACT project.

Transport, infrastructure and building »

It pays off to adapt road and rail transport to climate change. Austria as an example

Weather-induced costs to road and rail transport will increase. The indirect costs to the economy are larger than these direct costs, however. Because of this, it pays off to adapt.

Previously in ClimateChangePost

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By the year 2050 Europe’s wine map may look completely different from what we are used today.

For developing countries the assessment of coastal hazards is often hampered by lack of data. Dutch researchers of Deltares developed an app to use global open assess data for these assessments.

Shifts in thermal growing conditions may represent a major challenge to the Portuguese fruit sector. Conditions will improve in some areas and deteriorate in others.

Already in the next decades highly populated urban areas in Central Europe will experience significantly more hot days, tropical nights, and extreme precipitation events.

Previous sea level rise projections may have underestimated the contribution of Greenland and Antarctic ice sheets. Recent studies lead to upward adjustment of estimated sea level rise in 2100.

Extreme weather events are frequently associated with the passage of large-scale fronts. The number of extremely strong fronts is increasing, and so are precipitation extremes.

On a hot day, the city of Amsterdam in the Netherlands can be up to 5 °C warmer than the surrounding rural areas. Both climate change and urbanization will increase this urban heat island effect.

Their impacts on water supplies and climate cooling are the principal contribution of trees to climate change mitigation and adaptation, scientists state. Carbon storage is ‘just’ a co-benefit.

Water temperature of the River Rhine is rising. It has been rising by over 2 °C in summer since 1978, and will continue to do so as a response to climate change.

What would be considered a snow-sparse winter of today’s climate is projected to become quite average or even snow abundant in the future. Less snow not only affects winter tourism.

Impacts of future sea level rise and storm surges on the Polish coastal zone may be much less than previous studies indicated. And so are adaptation costs to strengthen coastal flood defences.

Glacier retreat causes landslides and catastrophic rock falls. In particular the breakout of landslide dams poses significant risks to surrounding settlements and critical infrastructure.

Climate impacts in Europe are not necessarily all negative. They could be beneficial for many crops and areas of production.

More vegetation may be effective as an integral component of storm water adaptation measures to mitigate climate change-induced flooding. The extent varies from one urban area to another, however.

According to the latest research, wind extremes and storminess over the North Atlantic Ocean will decrease this century. As a result, future waves along the Irish coast will be somewhat lower as well.

Poor and vulnerable people are insufficiently protected against floods. Investments in flood risk management are based on inadequate cost-benefit analyses with a too narrow focus on financial losses.

The number and intensity of droughts are increasing in parts of Central Europe, not due to a decrease in precipitation, but due to an increase in evaporation under higher temperatures.

Anthropogenic climate change will likely alter ecosystems in the Mediterranean this century in a way that is without precedent during the past 10,000 years.

Snow cover duration and maximum snow depth have been declining in the Swiss Alps since 1970. Most likely due to higher temperatures at all elevations in the Swiss Alps, especially during spring.

In November 2016 Science published an overview of climate change impacts on biodiversity: "The broad footprint of climate change from genes to biomes to people". This article presents a summary.

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Europe in a changing climate

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