What is driving future water scarcity: climate change or population growth?

The frequency of droughts will increase in the next several decades. In addition, population will grow. Both impacts have been assessed. The conclusion: climate change plays the primary role.

Longread - Wildfires and climate change, a connection that’s hard to deny

The impacts of climate change on natural hazards cast their shadows in the increasing numbers of wildfires. The causal connection is hard to deny.

Olympic and environmental modelling, yes we can

Environmental models can be used to estimate the development of algae blooms. But these models can do so much more. Like helping sailing teams at the Olympics to win a medal.

Health impacts of climate change: an overview

What do we know so far about health impacts under climate change? The following can be concluded from scientific sources over the last years.

Longread - Heat waves: the number one natural hazard

The increase in intensity of heat waves in combination with high tropospheric ozone concentrations represents the greatest direct risk that climate change poses to people’s health in Europe.

Ozone and fine particulate matter: major killers

50% of the deaths as a result of the European summer heat wave of 2003 may be associated with ozone exposure rather than the heat itself, research has shown.

Previously in ClimateChangePost

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What has recently been published on climate change in the media worldwide? These are some of the headlines. Please turn to our links underneath the map of Europe on our homepage for the full stories.

In contrast to global climate model projections the intensity of summer rainfall may increase. This is important for fresh water supply and, for instance, with respect to flash floods.

Melting glaciers and thawing of permafrost have caused stream discharge to almost double in Alpine watersheds through the last five decades. A frequent outcome of rapid climate warming.

As a result of the extreme hot summer of 2003, 44,000 people died in Western Europe. How rare was this extreme event, and what is the effect of climate change?

The flooding events over the last years do not seem to be related to changes in the magnitude of daily rainfall. It is the frequency of multi-day precipitation accumulations that has changed.

The prolongation and intensification of the thermal growing season offers several benefits for northern European forestry and agriculture. In southern Europe, negative impacts dominate.

Among the world heritage sites that are threatened by climate change are sites in Greenland that are important for their archaeological evidence of early human inhabitants of Greenland.

There is increasing evidence that warming trends have advanced wine grape harvest dates in recent decades. Across the globe, harvest dates advance approximately 6 days per degree of warming.

For the Alps, the main trigger of debris flows is high intensity, short duration rainfall. Under future climate change, it is likely that increases in extreme rainfall will alter debris flow frequency

Well-known examples of UK world heritage sites that are threatened by climate change are the Neolithic monuments of the Orkney Islands in Scotland and at Stonehenge and Avebury in southern England.

In 2003, more than 70,000 people across Europe died in a sweltering heat wave that spanned much of the summer.

The past three decades, soil organic carbon stocks in German Alps forests have decreased. This is likely due to accelerated microbial organic carbon decomposition with increasing soil temperature.

In the future, Spain could face extreme-behavior wildland fires beyond firefighting capacity, scientists warn.

Increasing the level of flood protection may be cost-effective, but is not sustainable in the long term. A higher level of flood protection results in the loss of flood memory.

Looking at the combination of extreme events, entire Europe could face a progressive increase in overall climate exposure, with a prominent spatial gradient towards southwestern regions

The Albanian government has launched its National Adaptation Plan (NAP) to prepare for the impacts of climate change.

Where can you quickly find the context to put a breaking weather event into a solid climate perspective?

A new report from the World Bank warns that the world is ill-prepared for an increase in the number of disasters in large cities.

Increasing exposure to flooding is the main cause of the steeply rising trend in global river flood losses over the past decades.

Forest management can mitigate the effects of climate change. Climate and forest management interact and affect streamflow differentially.

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Europe in a changing climate

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